Our comprehensive guide to taxes on retirement income, property and purchases, as well as special tax breaks for seniors, in every state. Go to Retiree Tax Map Ohio View State Compare List (0) selected | Compare up to 5 The Bottom Line Mixed Tax Picture The Buckeye State exempts Social Security benefits from state income taxes and also allows retirees to claim a tax credit of up to $200 on other types of retirement income. Ohio's income tax rates range from a low of 0.587% to a high of 5.925% on income over $208,500. Residents 65 and older may qualify for a homestead exemption. State Sales Tax 5.5%. Ohio has a range of exemptions including food, newspapers, prescription drugs and medical equipment, as well as certain items involved in agriculture and fishing. Counties levy additional sales taxes, which can add up to 2.25%. Income Tax Range Low: 0.587% (on up to $5,200 of taxable income)High: 5.925% (on taxable income over $208,500) Social Security Benefits are not taxed. Exemptions for Other Retirement Income Ohio has four tax credits for retirees. The retirement-income credit is worth $25 to $200, depending on the amount of qualifying retirement income. In addition, seniors 65 and older can qualify for the senior citizen credit, worth $50 per tax return. Retirees can also get a lump-sum distribution credit and a lump-sum retirement-income credit. As of 2015, the credits for retirement income and lump-sum distributions from a pension, retirement or profit-sharing plan are limited to taxpayers whose individual or joint adjusted gross income is less than $100,000. Taxpayers taking the lump-sum retirement-income credit cannot take the retirement-income credit on current or future returns. Taxpayers taking the lump-sum distribution credit cannot take the $50 senior citizen credit. Military pensions are eligible for a deduction to the extent that income is not otherwise deducted or excluded.Most Ohio municipalities levy an income tax on residents and those who work within the municipality. Rates range from 0.4% to 3%. But pension income and disability benefits, interest and dividends are exempt. About 30% of school districts also levy an income tax of 0.25% to 2% on residents. The taxing district can opt to tax either "traditional" (Ohio taxable) income or earned income; earned income generally excludes retirement income, interest, dividends and capital gains.Railroad Retirement benefits are exempt.IRAsQualifies for tax credits.401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement PlansQualifies for tax credits.Private PensionsQualifies for tax credits.Public PensionsQualifies for tax credits. Military pensions are eligible for a deduction to the extent that income is not otherwise deducted or excluded. Property Taxes Property is taxed based on its assessed value, which is 35% of market value. County auditors must reappraise all real estate every six years.Median property tax on the state's median home value of $134,600 is $1,836, according to the Tax Foundation.Tax breaks for seniors: A homestead exemption is available for qualified homeowners who are at least 65 years old, permanently and totally disabled, or at least 59 years old and the surviving spouse of a deceased taxpayer who had previously received the exemption. Qualified homeowners are permitted to exempt $25,000 of their home's market value from all local property taxes. In 2015, eligibility for new exemptions is limited to qualifying taxpayers (by age) with Ohio adjusted gross income of $31,000 or less; the income threshold will be annually adjusted for inflation. Taxpayers who were already granted the exemption will continue to receive it. Inheritance andEstate Taxes Ohio has no inheritance tax or estate tax.