Ohio State Tax Guide

Ohio state tax rates and rules for income, sales, property, fuel, cigarette, and other taxes that impact residents.

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Ohio state tax: Overview

Some workers may pay less Ohio state tax this year. That's because legislation reduced the number of income tax brackets last year. The number of brackets reduced further for 2024 (see below).

However, not all taxes in Ohio are low. For example, Ohio's average effective property tax rate is higher than in most states, and the state has one of the highest gas taxes in the country.

[Data for this state tax guide was gathered from a number of sources including the Census Bureau, the state’s government website, the Sales Tax Handbook, and the Tax Foundation. Property taxes are cited as a rate percentage rather than the assessed value.] 

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Ohio income taxes

picture of the skyline in downtown Columbus, Ohio

(Image credit: Getty Images)

Ohio income tax range

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Up to $26,0500%
$26,050 - $100,0002.75%
More than $100,0003.5%

Note: Cities and school districts in Ohio can also impose local income taxes. 

Ohio income taxes in retirement: Ohio doesn't tax Military pensions, Railroad Retirement benefits, or Social Security.

Ohio sales tax

The state sales tax rate in Ohio is 5.75%. Localities can add as much as 2.25%, and the average combined rate is 7.238%, according to the Tax Foundation.

  • Groceries are tax-exempt.
  • Prescription drugs are tax-exempt.
  • Diapers are tax-exempt.
  • Menstrual products are tax-exempt.

How much are property taxes in Ohio?

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In Ohio, the average effective property tax rate is 1.53%, which is higher than in most states.

Ohio Property Tax Breaks for Retirees

A homestead exemption is available for qualified homeowners, which allows up to $25,000 exemption of a home's market value from all local property taxes. Ohioans must have a household income that does not exceed $36,100 if applying in 2023.

Homeowners must also meet one of the following criteria to qualify.

  • Be 65 or older
  • Have a permanent and total disability
  • Be at least 59 years old and the surviving spouse of a deceased taxpayer who had previously received the exemption

Note: Taxpayers who were already granted the exemption will continue to receive it.

Ohio gas taxes (motor fuel)

Gasoline: $0.385 per gallon.

Diesel: $0.47 per gallon.

Ohio taxes on alcohol and tobacco

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Cigarettes$1.60 per pack
Other tobacco products17% of wholesale price
Beer$0.18 per gallon
Wine$0.32 per gallon

Ohio estate and inheritance taxes

Ohio doesn't have an estate or an inheritance tax.

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Katelyn Washington
Tax Writer

Katelyn has more than 6 years’ experience working in tax and finance. While she specializes in tax content, Katelyn has also written for digital publications on topics including insurance, retirement and financial planning and has had financial advice commissioned by national print publications. She believes that knowledge is the key to success and enjoys helping others reach their goals by providing content that educates and informs.