New Mexico State Tax Guide

State tax rates and rules for income, sales, property, fuel, cigarette, and other taxes that impact New Mexico residents.

Bottom Line

Middle-Class Families: Tax-Friendly (Go to the Kiplinger Tax Map for Middle-Class Families)

Retirees: Mixed Tax Picture (Go to the Kiplinger Tax Map for Retirees)

From a tax perspective, there's some good news and some bad news for New Mexico residents. The state has an income tax with a top rate of 5.9%, but your income taxes are waived altogether if you can hang in there until you're 100.

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New Mexico's gross receipts (sales) tax has a broad reach, hitting most services in addition to goods. As a result, this tax can hit residents fairly hard. On the other hand, property taxes are on the low end.

New Mexico Income Taxes

New Mexico Income Tax Range

Low: 1.7% (on up to $5,500 of taxable income for single filers and $8,000 for joint filers)

High: 5.9% (on taxable income over $210,000 for single filers and over $315,000 for married couples filing jointly)

New Mexico Taxation of Social Security Benefits

Social Security benefits are taxed to the same extent they are taxed at the federal level.

New Mexico Tax Breaks for Other Retirement Income

Taxpayers age 65 or older can exclude up to $8,000 of income. Federal adjusted gross income cannot exceed $28,500 for single filers, $51,000 for joint filers, or $25,500 for married taxpayers filing a separate return.

In addition, taxpayers age 100 or older can exclude all income. (Since New Mexico is a community property state, married centenarians can only exclude half of community income.)

Railroad Retirement benefits are fully exempt.

New Mexico Sales Tax

5% state levy. Localities can add as much as 4.313%, and the average combined rate is 7.72%, according to the Tax Foundation. New Mexico's tax is a gross receipts tax that covers most services.

  • Groceries: Exempt
  • Clothing: Taxable
  • Motor Vehicles: Exempt from ordinary sales tax, but taxable under special 4% excise tax
  • Prescription Drugs: Exempt

New Mexico Real Property Taxes

In New Mexico, the median property tax rate is $728 per $100,000 of assessed home value.

New Mexico Property Tax Breaks for Retirees

Homeowners 65 and older who earn $16,000 or less are eligible for a property tax credit of up to $250 (or $125 for married couples filing separately). Those who live in Los Alamos or Santa Fe Counties and earn $24,000 or less may also qualify for an additional credit of up to $350 ($175 if married filing separately).

Low-income homeowners 65 or older can also apply to have the tax valuation of their property frozen if their income is $32,000 or less.

New Mexico Motor Fuel Taxes

Gasoline: 18.88¢ per gallon.

Diesel: 22.88¢ per gallon.

New Mexico Sin Taxes

Cigarettes: $1.66 per pack

Other tobacco products: 12.5% of wholesale price

Vapor products: $0.50 per cartridge for closed systems, 12.5% of wholesale price for nicotine liquid

Beer: $0.41 per gallon

Wine: $1.70 per gallon

Liquor: $6.06 per gallon

Marijuana: 12% excise tax (rate gradually increased to 18% beginning July 1, 2025)

New Mexico Estate and Inheritance Taxes

No estate or inheritance tax.

Rocky Mengle
Senior Tax Editor,

Rocky was a Senior Tax Editor for Kiplinger from October 2018 to January 2023. He has more than 20 years of experience covering federal and state tax developments. Before coming to Kiplinger, he worked for Wolters Kluwer Tax & Accounting and Kleinrock Publishing, where he provided breaking news and guidance for CPAs, tax attorneys, and other tax professionals. He has also been quoted as an expert by USA Today, Forbes, U.S. News & World Report, Reuters, Accounting Today, and other media outlets. Rocky has a law degree from the University of Connecticut and a B.A. in History from Salisbury University.