Our comprehensive guide to taxes on retirement income, property and purchases, as well as special tax breaks for seniors, in every state. Go to Retiree Tax Map Illinois View State Compare List (0) selected | Compare up to 5 The Bottom Line Mixed Tax Picture The Prairie State generously excludes a wide variety of retirement income from taxation. But combined state and local sales taxes are steep. In some areas, the combined rate can be as high as 10% -- among the highest sales tax rates in the U.S. Property taxes are high in Illinois, too, but there are numerous homestead exemptions for seniors tied to age and income. State Sales Tax 6.25% (1% on qualifying food, prescription and nonprescription drugs and medical appliances). Local sales taxes can raise the total to as high as 10%, though the average local total is 8.22%, according to the Tax Foundation. Income Tax Range There is a flat rate of 3.75% of federal adjusted gross income after modifications. Social Security Social Security benefits are not taxed. Exemptions for Other Retirement Income Illinois does not tax distributions from qualified employee benefit plans, including 401(k) plans; IRAs or self-employed retirement plans; traditional IRAs that have been converted to Roth IRAs; the redemption of U.S. retirement bonds; state and local government deferred compensation plans; government retirement or government disability plans, including military plans; Railroad Retirement income; retirement payments to retired partners; and lump-sum distributions of appreciated employer securities.IRAsDistributions are not taxed.401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement PlansDistributions are not taxed.Private PensionsPayouts are not taxed.Public PensionsIllinois does not tax state and local government deferred compensation plans; government retirement or government disability plans, including military plans. Property Taxes The state offers a General Homestead Exemption, which applies to owner-occupied residential property. That break can exempt from taxation a maximum of $6,000 ($7,000 in Cook County) from a property's equalized assessed value (EAV).Median property tax on Illinois's median home value of $169,600 is $3,939, according to the Tax Foundation.Tax breaks for seniors: The Senior Citizens Homestead Exemption allows a $5,000 reduction in the EAV of the property that a person 65 or older is obligated to pay taxes on, and owns and occupies, or leases and occupies as a residence.The Senior Citizens Assessment Freeze Homestead Exemption allows senior citizens who have a total household income of less than $55,000, and who meet certain other qualifications, to maintain the EAV of their homes at the base-year EAV, thereby preventing any increase in that value as a result of inflation.The Homestead Improvement Exemption is limited to the fair cash value that was added to the property by any new improvement, up to an annual maximum of $75,000. The exemption continues for four years from the date the improvement is completed and occupied.The Senior Citizens Real Estate Tax Deferral Program allows people age 65 or older, who have a total household income of less than $55,000 and meet certain other qualifications, to defer up to a maximum of $5,000 of real estate taxes and special assessments. The deferral is similar to a loan against the property's market value, and a lien is filed on the property to ensure repayment of the deferral. The state pays the property taxes and then recovers the money, plus 6% annual interest, when the property is sold or transferred. Inheritance andEstate Taxes There is no inheritance tax. Illinois has an estate tax with a $4 million exemption. The maximum estate-tax rate is 16%.