Tool | October 2016

State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees

Our comprehensive guide to taxes on retirement income, property and purchases, as well as special tax breaks for seniors, in every state.


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The Bottom Line
Map of Illinois

Mixed Tax Picture

The Prairie State generously excludes a wide variety of retirement income from taxation. But combined state and local sales taxes are steep. In some areas, the combined rate can be as high as 11% -- among the highest sales tax rates in the U.S. Property taxes are high in Illinois, too, but there are numerous homestead exemptions for seniors tied to age and income.

State Sales Tax

6.25% state levy. Localities can add as much as 4.75%, and the average combined rate is 8.64%, according to the Tax Foundation. Food, prescription drugs and non-prescription drugs are all taxed at 1% by the state; candy and soda, no matter where they're purchased, are taxed at 6.25%.

Income Tax Range

There is a flat rate of 3.75% of federal adjusted gross income after modifications.

Social Security

Benefits are not taxed.

Exemptions for Other Retirement Income

Illinois does not tax distributions from qualified employee benefit plans, including 401(k) plans; IRAs or self-employed retirement plans; traditional IRAs that have been converted to Roth IRAs; the redemption of U.S. retirement bonds; state and local government deferred compensation plans; government retirement or government disability plans, including military plans; Railroad Retirement income; retirement payments to retired partners; and lump-sum distributions of appreciated employer securities.


Distributions are not taxed.

401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement Plans

Distributions are not taxed.

Private Pensions

Payouts are not taxed.

Public Pensions

Illinois does not tax state and local government deferred compensation plans; government retirement or government disability plans, including military plans.

Property Taxes

The state offers a General Homestead Exemption, which applies to owner-occupied residential property. That break can exempt from taxation a maximum of $6,000 ($7,000 in Cook County) from a property's equalized assessed value (EAV).

The median property tax on Illinois' median home value of $171,900 is $3,952.

Tax breaks for seniors: The Senior Citizens Homestead Exemption allows a $5,000 reduction in the EAV of the property that a person 65 or older is obligated to pay taxes on, and owns and occupies, or leases and occupies as a residence.

The Senior Citizens Assessment Freeze Homestead Exemption allows senior citizens who have a total household income of less than $55,000, and who meet certain other qualifications, to maintain the EAV of their homes at the base-year EAV, thereby preventing any increase in that value as a result of inflation.

The Homestead Improvement Exemption is limited to the fair cash value that was added to the property by any new improvement, up to an annual maximum of $75,000. The exemption continues for four years from the date the improvement is completed and occupied.

The Senior Citizens Real Estate Tax Deferral Program allows people age 65 or older, who have a total household income of less than $55,000 and meet certain other qualifications, to defer up to a maximum of $5,000 of real estate taxes and special assessments. The deferral is similar to a loan against the property's market value, and a lien is filed on the property to ensure repayment of the deferral. The state pays the property taxes and then recovers the money, plus 6% annual interest, when the property is sold or transferred.

Inheritance and Estate Taxes

There is no inheritance tax. Illinois has an estate tax with a $4 million exemption. The maximum estate-tax rate is 16%.