State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees
Tool | December 2021

Idaho State Tax Guide for Retirees

State tax rates and rules for income, sales, property, estate, and other taxes that impact retirees.


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The Bottom Line
Flag of Idaho


At first blush, the Gem State might not look like a tax-friendly state for retirees. Idaho taxes all income, except Social Security and Railroad Retirement benefits, and its top tax rate of 6% kicks in at a relatively low level. While there is a generous retirement-benefits deduction, it's only available to retirees with qualifying public pensions.

But, if you dig a little deeper, retirees will see some good news on taxes. Sales taxes aren't too bad…and since groceries are taxable, the state offers a tax credit of $100 per person to offset these—and raises it to $120 if you're over 65. The state's median property tax rate is well below average, too. Plus, Idaho doesn't have an estate tax or inheritance tax.

Income Tax Range

Low: 1% (on taxable income up to $3,176 for married joint filers and up to $1,588 for individual filers)

High: 6.5% (on taxable income of $15,878 or more for married joint filers and $7,939 or more for individual filers)

Starting in 2022, the top rate is reduced to 6%.

Taxation of Social Security Benefits

Social Security benefits are not taxed by the state.

Tax Breaks for Other Retirement Income

For the 2021 tax year, taxpayers age 65 and older can exclude up to $37,776 of income from qualified retirement plans. Joint filers can exclude up to $56,664. The deduction is reduced by Social Security and Railroad Retirement benefits, which are also exempt from tax. Eligible plans include federal government, Idaho police and firefighter, and military retirement plans.

In addition, the grocery credit is increased by $20 (to $120) for Idaho residents age 65 or older (increased to $140 beginning in 2023).

Sales Tax

6% state levy. Localities (typically resort communities) can add as much as 3%, but the average combined rate is just 6.02%, according to the Tax Foundation.

Groceries: Taxable
Clothing: Taxable
Motor Vehicles: Taxable
Prescription Drugs: Exempt

Real Property Taxes

In Idaho, the median property tax rate is $659 per $100,000 of assessed home value.

For 2022, homeowners age 65 or older with income of $32,230 or less are eligible for a property tax reduction of up to $1,500.

In addition, residents 65 or older with income of $50,650 or less in 2021 can defer 2022 property tax payments.

Annual Car Taxes and Fees

An annual vehicle registration fee based on the car's age and county of residence is imposed.

Estate and Inheritance Taxes

No estate or inheritance tax.