Go to Retiree Tax Map Minnesota Add to State Compare List | View List View State Compare List (0) selected | Compare up to 5 The Bottom Line Least Tax-Friendly One of Kiplinger's top ten least tax-friendly states for retirees, the North Star State offers cold comfort on the tax front to retirees. Social Security income is taxed to the same extent as it is on your federal return (though some relief is being offered starting in 2017.) Most pensions, are taxable, though a new tax break makes military pensions exempt. Income tax rates and the sales tax rate are high. State Sales Tax 6.875% state levy. Localities can add as much as 1.5%, with an average combined rate of 7.30%, according to the Tax Foundation. Most clothing and footwear are exempt. Income Tax Range Low: 5.35% (on less than $25,390 of taxable income for single filers and on less than $37,110 for joint filers)High: 9.85% (on more than $155,911 of taxable income for single filers and on more than $261,510 for joint filers)Effective income tax rate: 5.8%/individual, 6.6%/joint Social Security Social Security income is taxable, but a married couple can subtract $4,500 of their federally taxable Social Security benefits from their state income. (The break is $3,500 for single and head of household, $2,250 for married separate filers). Make more than $77,000 of income (for married filers) and the break gets phased out, and is gone for those with more than $99,500 of taxable income. Exemptions for Other Retirement Income Railroad Retirement benefits are not taxed by Minnesota. Most pensions, including federal pensions, are taxable by Minnesota; military pensions are exempt. Taxpayers 65 and older may exempt up to $9,600 for single filers and up to $12,000 for joint filers if their income falls under certain limits. The exemption is phased out for those making more than $14,500 (single) and $18,000 (joint). Those making more than $33,700 (single) and $42,000 (joint) are ineligble.IRAsQualifies for exemption. 401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement PlansQualifies for exemption. Private PensionsQualifies for exemption. Public PensionsQualifies for exemption. Property Taxes The median property tax on Minnesota's median home value of $188,300 is $2,148.Tax breaks for seniors: The Senior Citizen Property Tax Deferral Program allows people age 65 or older, whose household income is $60,000 or less, to defer a portion of the property tax on their home. The program limits the maximum amount of property tax to 3% of total household income. The deferred tax is paid by the state to the county. Interest, at an annually adjusted rate not to exceed 5%, will be charged on this loan, and a lien will attach to your property. Vehicle Taxes 6.5% sales tax is due at purchase (slightly below general sales tax, and no local tax is computed). Inheritance and Estate Taxes Minnesota has no inheritance tax. But it does have an estate tax, though it has been easing its burden. Midyear in 2017, the state raised the 2017 exemption to $2.1 million, rising to $2.4 million in 2018, $2.7 million in 2019, and $3.0 million in 2020. Rates range from 12 percent to 16 percent; bottom rate increases to 13 percent in 2018.