State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees
Tool | December 2021

North Carolina State Tax Guide for Retirees

State tax rates and rules for income, sales, property, estate, and other taxes that impact retirees.

North Carolina

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The Bottom Line
Flag of North Carolina

Mixed Tax Picture

The Tar Heel State doesn't tax Social Security benefits, but tax breaks for other common types of retirement income are scarce (although government pensions are exempt under certain circumstances). That's certainly a big problem for many North Carolina retirees who dread high income taxes.

But things do get better for seniors in the state. Sales taxes in the state are close to the national average. But, while the state doesn't tax groceries, localities do.

Property taxes are on the low end, too. Plus, homeowners 65 and older can choose between two property-tax relief programs.

There are no estate or inheritance taxes in North Carolina, either.

Income Tax Range

For 2022, North Carolina has a flat rate of 4.99% of state taxable income (it was 5.25% in 2021). However, the rate is decreased to 4.75% for 2023, 4.6% for 2024, 4.5% for 2025, 4.25% for 2026, and 3.99% for 2027 and thereafter.

Taxation of Social Security Benefits

Social Security benefits are not taxed by the state.

Tax Breaks for Other Retirement Income

Income from federal government retirement plans, or designated North Carolina state and local government retirement plans, is exempt if the retiree had five or more years of creditable service as of August 12, 1989. This exemption is known as the "Bailey exemption."

Military pensions are exempt if the retired veteran (1) served at least 20 years, or (2) is medically retired. This exemption doesn't apply to severance pay received due to separation from the U.S. armed forces.

Railroad Retirement benefits are also exempt.

Sales Tax

4.75% state levy. Localities can add as much as 2.75%, and the average combined rate is 6.98%, according to the Tax Foundation.

Groceries: Exempt from state tax, but 2% local tax may apply
Clothing: Taxable
Motor Vehicles: Exempt from ordinary sales tax, but taxable under special 3% highway-use tax
Prescription Drugs: Exempt

Real Property Taxes

To qualify for the 2022 Elderly or Disabled Exclusion, a homeowner must be at least 65 years old or totally and permanently disabled, with income of no more than $31,900 in 2021. The program excludes the first $25,000 or 50% of the home's appraised value, whichever is greater, from taxation.

The 2022 Circuit Breaker Tax Deferment Program limits property taxes to 4% of an owner's income for those 65 years and older who made less than $31,900 in 2021. For those making between $31,901 and $47,850 in 2021, property taxes are limited to 5% of their income. Taxes over the limitation amount are deferred and remain a lien on the property. Homeowners must choose between the programs.

Annual Car Taxes and Fees

An annual vehicle property tax based on the car's age and value is imposed. County and municipal/district tax rates apply.

Estate and Inheritance Taxes

No estate or inheritance tax.