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Tool | August 2013

State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees

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Florida

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The Bottom Line
Map of Florida

TAX-FRIENDLY

One of Kiplinger's top ten most tax-friendly states for retirees, the Sunshine State is very popular with retirees, not just because of its year-round sunshine but also because of the absence of a state income tax. Sales taxes, though, can go as high as 7.5%. Real estate is assessed at 100% of market value. Permanent residents are entitled to a homestead exemption of up to $50,000, regardless of age, and seniors may qualify for an additional exemption.

State Sales Tax

6% (food and prescription and nonprescription drugs are exempt). Additional county sales taxes can make the combined rate as high as 7.5%.

Income Tax Range

There is no state income tax.

Social Security

Benefits are not taxed.

Exemptions for Other Retirement Income

Retirement income is not taxed.

Property Taxes

Property is assessed at 100% of its market value, but the assessed value cannot increase more than 3% or inflation based on the consumer price index, whichever is less. Every person who owns and resides on property in Florida on January 1 and makes the property his or her permanent residence is eligible to receive a homestead exemption up to $50,000. The first $25,000 applies to all property taxes, including school district taxes. The rest of the exemption, up to $25,000, applies to the assessed value between $50,000 and $75,000, and only to nonschool taxes.

Any widow or widower who is a Florida resident may claim a $500 exemption. If you remarry, you are no longer eligible for the exemption.

Median property tax on the state's median home value of $182,400 is $1,773, according to the Tax Foundation.

Tax breaks for seniors: Florida residents ages 65 and older who meet certain income limits can receive an extra homestead exemption of up to $50,000 from some city and county governments and/or an exemption equal to the assessed value of the property, as long as the real estate has a fair market value of less than $250,000, the homeowner has maintained permanent residence at the location for at least 25 years, and household income does not exceed $27,590 during 2013.

Inheritance and
Estate Taxes

There is no inheritance tax or estate tax.

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