6. A car. In a nine-month academic year, the average small sedan would rack up about $5,000 in expenses, including costs for gas, depreciation, standard maintenance and insurance, according to AAA. Parking permits and any tickets or breakdowns would add even more to the bill. Keeping the car parked at home could lower insurance premiums, too.
7. A credit card. The average freshman has credit-card debt of $611, according to a recent study by Sallie Mae. To help curb the frivolity of first-year credit card spending, Uncle Sam is enforcing stricter credit card rules. Under the CARD Act of 2009, anyone younger than 21 is required to prove his or her ability to repay any debts or have a parent (or someone else 21 or older) co-sign the card application. So far it’s worked, as credit card use among freshmen has declined to only 14% for the 2012-13 academic year, seven points less than for the previous year.
Help your student stay in the black by withholding your signature until he has a long track record of fiscal responsibility. A debit card is a good way to get started. For tips on how to discuss personal finance, see Money-Management Advice for College Students and A Crash Course in Money-Management for Your College-Bound Kids.
8. High bank fees. Open an account for your child at a bank that is close to campus and has nationwide coverage. If your child uses an account with a hometown bank, she could spend about $3 each time she withdraws money from an out-of-network ATM. If she withdraws money, say, once a week, she could spend up to $156 a year on fees. Or consider opening an online checking account with a bank that doesn't charge ATM fees or that refunds ATM surcharges by other banks. Be sure to read the fine print: Some of these banks do not refund ATM fees beyond a certain amount, and some require the account holder to maintain a minimum account balance every month.
When choosing a bank, also find out how much it costs, if anything, to transfer funds online from your account to your student's. This will save you from having to mail checks. Another option is to open an account with a credit union that belongs to a surcharge-free network. Click here to locate one.
9. Overdraft protection. You now have the option when you open an account to opt out of overdraft protection. That means the bank either will not permit you to withdraw funds if your balance is too low or will ask whether you want to pay a $35 fee and proceed with the withdrawal. This is not a one-time decision; you can switch your preference if you decide you want the bank to cover overdrafts. Checks and recurring payments that cause you to overdraw the account are not covered even if you opt out, so you can still incur hefty overdraft fees.
10. A big meal plan. You’ve heard of the “freshman 15” pounds, so avoid loading up your child's meal account with enough money to feed the football team. Often, the money you spend on a meal plan does not roll over from year to year -- if you don’t use the money, you lose it. Best to start low and see how much your student eats. Many colleges give you the opportunity to replenish meal-plan funds midyear. You could also supplement your kid’s meal plan with gift cards to the local grocery (or pizza joint). Or you can buy gift cards at GiftCertificates.com.
11. Campus health insurance. If you have family health coverage, your child may still be covered under that plan when she goes to college. If your plan does not cover out-of-network costs, a campus health-insurance plan may be a more cost-effective option. Be careful, though: Some college policies have low coverage maximums, which could leave you with thousands of dollars in uninsured expenses. Your child can also buy an individual policy through the local health insurance exchange (search by state at Healthcare.gov). See 3 Types of Insurance to Protect Your College Student for other options.
12. Private loans. The hefty price tag on higher education makes it hard to avoid student loans, but if at all possible, steer clear of private student loans. They usually carry variable rates (as opposed to the fixed rates of federal loans), have fewer repayment options and allow students to rack up high balances. (See Why You Should Stick With Federal Student Loans.)
You still have time to apply for federal student loans to cover the bills this school year (see Test Your Knowledge of College Financial Aid). And look for scholarships -- they’re easier to get than you might think (see 11 Top Sources of College Scholarships).
13. Laundry services. Laundry takes time, but outsourcing it costs money. Services such as DormMom.com and UniversityLaundry.com will process and wash your clothing at a set time each week, but they are costly; Dorm Mom charges $324 per semester for 15 pounds of laundry per week, and University Laundry charges $374 per semester for 20 pounds of laundry per week. University Laundry also only collects clothing on certain days each week, so if you miss your drop-off time, you waste your service that week. Alternatively, a $10 bottle of Tide detergent will clean 48 loads of laundry. Assuming you do two loads of laundry a week, it will last you 24 weeks—longer than a college semester. Add about $100 in quarters per semester for the coin-operated machines at your college, and you’ll still save hundreds. Think you don’t have time to wash clothing? Take your homework to the laundry room—the white noise can create a great study environment.
Special thanks to Jeff Bertolucci and Lisa Gerstner for their contributions.