Five Things Federal Employees Should Know for Retirement
Knowing the ins and outs of retirement is challenging, especially for federal government employees.
After years serving the federal government, it’s time for federal employees to reap the many unique rewards a federal retirement plan offers. Retirement preparation is hard for everyone, but navigating federal benefits can add a layer of complexity and red tape that may seem daunting to even the most seasoned financial professional.
I have a heart and passion for serving federal employees. My mother, who is also my best friend and now works for me, is a retired federal employee. I have successfully helped her navigate her federal employee benefits and financial plan to retire at the age of 57. Also, my mentor, whom I meet every month, is a retired deputy commander at the U.S. Defense Logistics Agency (DSCC), and many more of my family members are retired federal employees. In addition, our firm has many clients who are current or retired federal employees. Really, I was forced into becoming a federal employee specialist.
I once worked with a federal employee who had previously visited with another financial planner. The employee said that the financial planner did not specialize in federal benefits and did not even know what a Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) was!
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My point? Make sure you do not leave the success of your retirement (something you have worked hard to achieve for 30 or 40 years) to a coin flip by working with someone who does not understand your situation. You need someone who speaks your language and understands TSP, FERS, CSRS, FEGLI, FEHB, FLTCIP, G Fund. If they do not know what those acronyms mean, then run away!
Obviously, it is really important to get help from a financial planner specializing in federal benefits, especially as it relates to these five things federal employees should know about some of their retirement options.
1. TSP (Thrift Savings Plan) Rollover
The TSP is a great investment. It is low cost, simple, provides a generous 5% match and even has a Roth option. (See another of my Kiplinger articles to find out why I Love Roth IRAs and Roth Conversions.)
However, the TSP has some limitations, which may not make it the best investment for your retirement.
- One limitation is that the TSP has only five investment options. Those five options are not bad, but you could be cutting yourself off from an entire universe of other investment options.
- You also cannot do in-plan Roth conversions with TSP. If you have a large amount of tax-deferred investments, then you may be setting yourself up for trouble with the potential of increased tax rates and large amounts you will be required to take out due to required minimum distributions (RMDs). Roth conversions are a strategy you could do to turn a forever-taxed investment into a never-again-taxed investment, which could potentially save you money on your hard-earned dollars in retirement. You would need to move your TSP to an IRA in order to take action with this strategy. Be careful when you do this, as there are many things to be aware of. Make sure you seek help from a CPA and a financial planner who specializes in tax planning. You will need to run advance calculations and projections to see if you should do it and, if so, how much you should do. Tax planning is vital in retirement. It’s so important that I wrote a book called I Hate Taxes! I truly do.
- Also, be aware of the Rule of 55, so you do not face a 10% penalty if you retire early. In this case, it may make sense to leave some money in your TSP until age 59½. (You can learn more about that if you watch a YouTube video we posted on the topic!)
- And when you are 59½, if you are still working, you can do an “in-service withdrawal” and move your TSP to an IRA to allow you to take advantage of strategies like those mentioned above while still contributing to your TSP ongoing and taking advantage of the employer match.
2. FEGLI (Federal Employees’ Group Life Insurance): Option B Gets Expensive!
If you have Option B heading into retirement and plan to keep it, then you want to do your due diligence to see what other options you have. Option B gets more expensive the older you get. If you are eligible and can qualify for private life insurance, then you may be able to find better options with better features/benefits. It could also decrease your cost from what you are paying with FEGLI!
3. FEGLI: 75% Reduction
If you have had Basic FEGLI coverage in place for at least five years before you retire, then you are eligible for what is called a “75% reduction” when you retire. This means you can keep 25% of your Basic life benefit for no cost for the rest of your life. Most of our clients choose this option.
4. FERS (Federal Employees Retirement System) Pension: Working Until Age 62
I once had a client who was a federal employee and was looking to retire at age 61. She said, “Joe, I am retiring this year, and I do not care what you say!” But I had to say something because she would get a 10% increase to her pension calculation by waiting another year to retire! If you are over 62 and have 20 years of service, then you are eligible for a higher pension.
5. FERS Pension: Survivor Benefit
If you are married, then you have the option of choosing a survivor benefit for your spouse. This means your spouse can continue on your pension if you pass away. The amount depends on what you choose:
- You can choose for your spouse to get 50% of your pension. Keep in mind that this option will cost 10% of your ongoing pension. That can add up!
- Or you can choose for your spouse to get 25% of your pension. This will cost 5% of your pension ongoing.
- The last option is no election. If you choose this, then it will not cost anything, and your pension will be unreduced. Keep in mind that if you choose this and you pass away, then your spouse cannot continue to use your FEHB (Federal Employees Health Benefits) ongoing. This could be a problem if the spouse needs that health insurance coverage.
As an alternative strategy, you could replace the survivor pension with life insurance. This strategy could be used when the spouse is likely to predecease the federal employee due to poor health, advanced age or other issues. In this case, life insurance would be a better option because the FERS survivor pension benefit does not pay out if the spouse dies first. In this case, you would have paid all that money and then get no benefit.
But with life insurance in place, your spouse would still be taken care of and would have other options, like leaving a potential legacy to family, taking cash value out or utilizing that benefit for long-term care if the life insurance you get has that option. There is potentially more flexibility and benefits.
To close, I want to give you the advice my father always gave me. My dad, the hardest worker I know, always taught me that if you want something, then you must go get it. So, utilize these federal employee planning strategies to go get the retirement you have dreamed of!
The appearances in Kiplinger were obtained through a PR program. The columnist received assistance from a public relations firm in preparing this piece for submission to Kiplinger.com. Kiplinger was not compensated in any way.
This article was written by and presents the views of our contributing adviser, not the Kiplinger editorial staff. You can check adviser records with the SEC or with FINRA.
As owner of Peak Retirement Planning, Joe Schmitz Jr. specializes in comprehensive retirement planning. Joe focuses on helping clients grow and preserve their wealth. Through tax-efficient strategies, Social Security optimization and proactive health care planning, Joe helps clients feel confident in their financial future and the legacy they leave behind.
Joe graduated with a Bachelor of Science in finance and financial planning from Mount Vernon Nazarene University. His book, I HATE TAXES, will be available soon on Amazon.
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