Advertisement
savings

What's the Big Deal About Health Savings Accounts?

Most people know HSAs offer a sweet tax deal, but they also offer a couple other important benefits you might not have considered.

If you’ve been wondering why there’s so much fuss lately about health savings accounts, you’re not alone.

After all, they’re not exactly new. Health savings accounts (or HSAs) were created in 2003 so individuals covered by high-deductible health plans could receive tax-preferred treatment on money saved for medical expenses.

But with constant changes to health care coverage, including an increase in the number of high-deductible policies available, HSAs are growing in popularity. More companies are offering access as part of their employee health coverage. And the Republican-led Congress wants to give HSAs an even bigger role in health care reform; this year, it proposed contribution limits that are nearly double what they are now. (The 2017 contribution cap is $3,400 for individuals and $6,750 for family coverage, with a $1,000 per year catch-up contribution for those over age 55.)

Advertisement - Article continues below

The triple tax advantages to an HSA:

  • The money you or your employer deposit in the account is deductible on your tax return (or entirely pre-tax if you contribute to your HSA via payroll deduction).
  • The money in your account grows tax-free.
  • You aren’t taxed on the money when you withdraw it, as long as you use it to pay for qualified medical expenses, including dental, vision and even over-the-counter medications, if your doctor writes you a prescription.
Advertisement
Advertisement - Article continues below

So you can see the appeal.

There are several ways to access your HSA funds. Many plans use a debit card, some offer a checkbook and some allow for reimbursement. Withdrawals can be made for any reason, but if the money isn’t used for approved medical costs, there is a 20% penalty and those withdrawals are taxed as income. (The penalty is waived for those 65 and older, or who have become disabled.) All HSA participants are required to retain documentation of their qualified medical expenses.

After setting up your HSA plan, adding money is pretty straightforward. You can send checks directly, you can do a payroll deduction, or you may have an employer-funded HSA. You can even do a 100% tax-free one-time “rollover” of an IRA into your HSA, as long as the size of the rollover does not exceed your annual allowable contributions.

Another advantage of an HSA is that earned income is not a requirement. To qualify, you must have an eligible health insurance policy with a high deductible, meaning $1,300 for individuals or $2,600 for family coverage.

After you sign up for Medicare, you can no longer make contributions to your HSA, but you can continue to use the money that’s already in the account tax-free for uninsured medical expenses and for some Medicare premiums.

If you’ve passed on opening a health savings account in the past because it just seemed too complicated or you were confused about the benefits, take another look. The trifecta of tax advantages, ease of use and continued access into your retirement years makes it worth considering an HSA as part of your overall retirement plan.

Kim Franke-Folstad contributed to this article.

About the Author

Michael Woloshin, Investment Adviser Representative

Founder and managing director, Woloshin Investment Management

Michael Woloshin is an Investment Adviser Representative, insurance professional and the founder and managing director of Woloshin Investment Management. His priority is helping those who are about to retire or who already have retired pursue their financial independence utilizing customized income strategies. Woloshin has over 35 years of experience advising clients.

Advertisement

Most Popular

What Are the Income Tax Brackets for 2020 vs. 2019?
tax brackets

What Are the Income Tax Brackets for 2020 vs. 2019?

The IRS unveiled the 2020 tax brackets, and it's never too early to start planning to minimize your future tax bill.
June 20, 2020
HSAs Get Even Better
Financial Planning

HSAs Get Even Better

Workers have more options with flexible spending accounts, too.
July 2, 2020
17 States That Will Gain or Lose Electoral-College Votes After the 2020 Census
Politics

17 States That Will Gain or Lose Electoral-College Votes After the 2020 Census

Every 10 years, the 435 seats in the House of Representatives are reassigned based on the results of the U.S.
July 2, 2020

Recommended

Where Should You Retire?
retirement planning

Where Should You Retire?

This week, our Your Money's Worth podcast host Ryan Ermey interviews co-host Sandy Block about her recent story about the best retirement destinations…
July 7, 2020
HSAs Get Even Better
Financial Planning

HSAs Get Even Better

Workers have more options with flexible spending accounts, too.
July 2, 2020
Find a Great Place to Retire
happy retirement

Find a Great Place to Retire

Our cities provide plenty of space to spread out without skimping on health care or other amenities.
July 2, 2020
Searching for the Perfect Place to Retire
Empty Nesters

Searching for the Perfect Place to Retire

We home in on two places with less traffic and lower costs. 
July 2, 2020