13 Careers for the Next Decade
Few decisions are more important than choosing a career.
Few decisions are more important than choosing a career. And especially in these uncertain and changing times, no decision may be more difficult. In these roiling times, what are smart career choices? Of course, the best career for one person can be the worst for another, but I believe these 13 are particularly worthy of attention. From among thousands of occupations, I selected the 13 that rank best overall based on these criteria: likelihood of sustaining at least a middle-class income, socially redeeming, quality of life and status. We offer a baker’s dozen of professions that promise income growth, work-life balance and social impact. The slide show begins to your right.
By Marty Nemko
Especially in homeland security, energy and the environment, health care, veterans affairs and defense. Common job titles: program analyst, program manager and director. Also needed are country experts, especially on China, India and Middle Eastern countries. The federal government will be the largest source of new jobs, with 300,000 hires expected within the next two years. And those jobs will not be just in Washington, D.C., but all over the U.S. and across the world. Federal job security and benefits are nonpareil, and salaries are more competitive than is widely believed. The federal government will be the largest source of new jobs, with 300,000 hires expected within the next two years. And those jobs will not be just in Washington, D.C., but all over the U.S. and across the world. Federal job security and benefits are nonpareil, and salaries are more competitive than is widely believed.
Learn more: Partnership for Public Service
Even in tough times, and despite annual beyond-inflation price increases, many people continue to pursue higher education. So manager types may find the job market better in higher education than in corporate America. Plus, colleges offer a felicitous work environment and generous vacation time. Neat niche: student-affairs administrator. (No, I'm not talking about assignations.) Learn more: The College Administrator's Survival Guide
Is Head Start really worth the taxpayer dollars? Is it wise to train lab technicians online? What should the next-generation teen-pregnancy-prevention program look like? Program evaluators address such questions. Learn more: Basic Guide to Program Evaluation
Global Business Development
Corporate executive specializing in global business development or managing global workforces are in demand. Speaking Mandarin, Hindi, Bengali, Russian, Portuguese, Arabic or Farsi is a plus. Learn more: Thunderbird School of Global Management Blogs
The Mental Health Parity Act requires that mental health now be covered as fully as physical health, but many insurers will cover only cognitive-behavioral therapy because it’s both shorter and, on average, more efficacious than traditional psychotherapy. Learn more: Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
President Obama has promised amnesty or "a path to citizenship" for the U.S.’s illegal immigrants. Experts will be needed to figure out how to integrate millions of people who are typically poor, speak little English and have high health-care needs. Learn more: Department of Homeland Security, National Council of La Raza, Land a Government Job
Researcher with expertise in two or more of these subjects: physics, math, molecular biology, engineering and computer science. Key specializations and examples of work in each area: energy, genomics, neurophysics, diagnostic imaging and pollution control.
Warning: After getting that PhD in hard science and math, you may need a one- to two-year postdoctoral position. Learn more: Career Guide for Scientists, The Science Careers portal from Science magazine
Health-care providers are switching to electronic medical records, using computerized expert systems to guide diagnoses and treatment recommendations, and collecting more data to evaluate quality of care. Learn more: American Medical Informatics Organization, American Health Information Management Association
This career offers a high patient success rate, good income, status and shorter-than-MD training: four years post-bachelors or seven years in a BS/OD program. Learn more: Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11: Optometrists
With personal DNA sequencing ever more informative and affordable, people face many more gene-related decisions. For example, if your genome doubles your risk of breast cancer, should you have a prophylactic mastectomy? Or if you're pregnant and a test reveals your baby has the gene for a disease that has a 50-50 chance of being serious, should you abort? Genetic counselors help people decide what to do. A master's is the terminal degree. Learn more: National Society of Genetic Counselors
Help ensure the patient gets to see the right specialist, do research so the patient is better informed when talking to the doctor, educate family members on how to support the patient during a hospital stay, sort through the mountains of bills and, if necessary, negotiate fees. Learn more: About.com’s guide to Becoming a Patient Advocate
This career scores high on job-satisfaction surveys, thanks to one-on-one interaction that lasts longer than physicians' average of 12 minutes per patient, tangible patient progress and reasonable work hours. Plus, as aging boomers sustain more weekend-warrior injuries and worse, the job market could strengthen, although cost-control pressures are resulting in increased use of physical-therapy assistants, who have less training. A three-year Doctor of Physical Therapy is becoming the standard degree. Learn more: Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11: Physical Therapists, American Physical Therapy Association
This career offers advantages over an MD career: shorter training, qualification to do a wider range of procedures, less paperwork and freedom from the uncertainties of health-care reform. Of course, your patients can't describe what's wrong with them. Learn more: About.com's veterinary career portal