State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Middle-Class Families
Tool | November 2021

State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Middle-Class Families

State tax rates and rules for income, sales, gas, property, cigarette, and other taxes that impact middle-class families.

Pulling up stakes and moving from one state to another can be quite an adventure. Everything is new when you cross state lines. New neighbors, new restaurants, new stores, new roads...and new taxes. In fact, relocating to another state can knock your state tax bill up or down by thousands of dollars. You could, for instance, go from a state with no income taxes to one with very high rates. Other state and local taxes ‒ like sales taxes and property taxes ‒ can vary dramatically from one state to the next, too. That’s why it’s so important to understand the tax consequences of an interstate move before you call the moving company.

The map below will help you with your research. Click on any state for a detailed summary of its taxes on income, property, and items you buy on a daily basis. Also check out the tax-specific slideshows listed below the map, including our picks for the 10 most tax-friendly and the 10 least tax-friendly states in the U.S. for middle-class families. (Retirees, visit our Retiree Tax Map to learn how each state taxes different kinds of retirement income and to discover special tax breaks for seniors.)

Hover over or click on any state in the map for the option to add the state to your compare list to quickly see how selected states stack up.

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Kiplinger Tax Map

  • Most Tax-Friendly
  • Tax-Friendly
  • Mixed
  • Not Tax-Friendly
  • Least Tax-Friendly
New Jersey Rhode Island Delaware Washington, DC Maine New Hampshire Vermont Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New York New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Washington, DC Maryland West Virginia Hawaii Alaska Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Ohio Indiana Michigan Michigan Kentucky Tennesee Florida Alabama Mississippi Illinois Wisconsin Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Iowa Oklahoma Kansas Texas Nebraska Minnesota New Mexico Colorado South Dakota North Dakota Arizona Utah Wyoming Montana Idaho Nevada California Oregon Washington Kiplinger Tax Map

SOURCES: State government websites, American Petroleum Institute, U.S. Census Bureau, Tax Foundation, Federation of Tax Administrators, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, and Distilled Spirits Council of the United States.

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