taxes

What Parents Should Know About Taxes on Custodial Accounts

If your child turns 21 and is still a full-time student, the account can still get hit with taxes.

My daughter is about to turn 21 and will be able to control the custodial account we established for her years ago. Will she qualify for the 0% capital-gains rate if she sells shares after she has control of the account? She is in college, and my wife and I claim her as a dependent. --J.D., New Hartford, N.Y.

Even though your daughter can control the account at 21, she’ll still be subject to the kiddie tax if she’s a full-time student younger than age 24 and doesn’t provide more than half of her own support with income from a job. With the kiddie tax, her unearned income (such as dividends, interest and capital gains) over $2,100 will be taxed at the parents’ rate. For the first $2,100, your daughter would probably pay 0% long-term capital-gains tax. Only taxpayers in the lowest two brackets qualify for the 0% rate.

Your daughter should wait until she is 24 or supporting herself to sell most of the stock, recommends John Dundon, an enrolled agent in Englewood, Colo. At that point, the gains will be taxed at her own (likely lower) rate.

Most Popular

Your Guide to Roth Conversions
Special Report
Tax Breaks

Your Guide to Roth Conversions

A Kiplinger Special Report
February 25, 2021
10 States With the Highest Sales Taxes
Tax Breaks

10 States With the Highest Sales Taxes

Before you embark on a shopping spree in any of the 10 worst states for sales taxes, make extra room in your budget.
June 16, 2021
12 Housing Stocks to Ride the Red-Hot Market
investing

12 Housing Stocks to Ride the Red-Hot Market

The U.S. has a housing shortage and a love affair with home improvement, both of which could create tailwinds for this group of housing stocks.
June 8, 2021

Recommended

2021 Child Tax Credit Calculator
Tax Breaks

2021 Child Tax Credit Calculator

Find out how much money you'll get each month under the child tax credit rules for 2021. Payments will start July 15.
June 18, 2021
18 States With Scary Death Taxes
inheritance

18 States With Scary Death Taxes

Federal estate taxes are no longer a problem for all but the extremely wealthy, but several states have their own estate taxes and inheritance taxes t…
June 17, 2021
Taxes on Unemployment Benefits: A State-by-State Guide
state tax

Taxes on Unemployment Benefits: A State-by-State Guide

Don't be surprised by an unexpected state tax bill on your unemployment benefits. Know where unemployment compensation is taxable and where it isn't.
June 17, 2021
The 10 Least Tax-Friendly States for Middle-Class Families
state tax

The 10 Least Tax-Friendly States for Middle-Class Families

Failing to consider state and local taxes before moving your family to another state could cost you thousands of dollars each year.
June 17, 2021