Tax Breaks

The Bodacious Benefits of a Donor Advised Fund

From a bevy tax breaks to the opportunity to involve family members and future generations in a legacy of giving, donor advised funds add leverage and flexibility to a comprehensive financial plan.

Since 1931, donor advised funds have been offered by local community foundations and more recently have become available through broker-sponsored charitable gift funds. They are something akin to a marriage between a private foundation and a mutual fund.

Donor advised funds allow people to establish separately identified accounts at a charity and then direct how the charity should use that money. Establishing a fund is like investing in a mutual fund, because each donor’s assets are pooled together into a common account owned, maintained and managed by the charity.

One of the main benefits of a donor advised fund is that it allows individuals with philanthropic intent to have their charitable assets professionally managed and distributed to desired causes at a fraction of the cost of a private foundation. But, lower cost is only one of many benefits. Donor advised funds also offer a number of creative financial planning opportunities.

Chief among these is their tax deductibility. Contributions to a donor advised fund are tax deductible in the year they are made. And, the limit on deductibility is huge. One can donate up to 60% of adjusted gross income (AGI). This creates a meaningful planning opportunity in years where one has a windfall that creates a big bump up in taxable income. Adding to one’s donor advised fund can help mitigate the tax burden of that one-time event.

The tax deductibility of contributions made to a donor advised fund can also be leveraged. This leverage is achieved by contributing highly appreciated assets. The deduction on low-cost-basis property contributed to a fund is determined by its current value, not its cost. So, the donor receives a double benefit: a larger deduction and no capital gain on the property’s appreciation.

Even though the deduction limit on property is lower than cash (30% of AGI), most community foundations and broker-sponsored charitable gift funds offer great flexibility regarding the types of property that can be donated. For example, many charities allow fund holders to donate an interest in a privately held business, the cash value of whole-life insurance policies, artwork, collectibles, automobiles, livestock and even Bitcoin.

Donor advised funds also provide great estate-planning opportunities. Assets contributed permanently leave one’s estate, so they aren’t subject to estate taxes. With the lifetime exclusion currently at over $11 million, this offers families lots of flexibility to use a donor advised fund in their planning. Donors can also use their annual gift tax exclusion to make contributions to their fund. This means that a married couple can each contribute up to $15,000 — for a total of $30,000 — every year. And, since assets in a donor advised fund are allowed to grow tax-free, they can create a lasting legacy.

For families with charitable intent and a desire to pass that value onto future generations, a donor advised fund provides the opportunity for children and grandchildren to be involved in the decision-making process.

As its name implies, a donor advised fund gives the donor the ability to advise the charity on how to use the money in the fund. Involving children in this process teaches them that they can effect change to improve and strengthen their local community, support the arts, raise educational standards, fight disease or provide relief to victims of war or natural disasters. It can also prepare them to take the helm in adulthood. A well-funded donor advised fund often will outlive its benefactor. As a result, the donor’s heirs will be able to direct gifts during their lifetimes as well. So, while contributions made to a donor advised fund provide an immediate benefit in the form of a current year tax deduction, they can also provide long-term gifting opportunities that last for more than one generation.

In terms of comprehensive financial planning there are few strategies that provide the many and varied opportunities that one gets from a donor advised fund. Not many charitable vehicles provide the same funding flexibility regarding the types of assets that can be donated. Fewer offer the donor the ability to be involved in how their contributions are used. And, still fewer provide the context to help teach heirs the value of philanthropy.

As a result, the donor advised fund is a remarkably useful tool to help carry out one’s charitable intent as a component of his or her unique financial planning objectives. In many cases, including a donor advised fund as part of a comprehensive financial plan can provide both leverage and flexibility to help an investor achieve long-term, goals-based investment outcomes.

About the Author

Lorraine Ell, CEO

Investment Adviser Representative, Better Money Decisions

I'm the CEO of Better Money Decisions (B$D) and co-author of the blog Better Financial Decisions. As a principal of B$D, I'm excited to continue my long career as an investment professional. Living and working in places as diverse as Saudi Arabia and Budapest, Hungary, has given me a unique perspective on the world of investing. My book, "Bozos, Monsters and Whiz-Bangs: Bad Advice from Financial Advisors and How to Avoid It!" is an insider's guide to finding the right adviser.

Most Popular

Child Tax Credit 2021: Who Gets $3,600? Will I Get Monthly Payments? And Other FAQs
Coronavirus and Your Money

Child Tax Credit 2021: Who Gets $3,600? Will I Get Monthly Payments? And Other FAQs

People have lots of questions about the new $3,000 or $3,600 child tax credit and the advance payments that the IRS will send to most families in 2021…
May 4, 2021
Are You Still Chasing the Almighty Dollar, Even Though You Have Plenty to Retire?
retirement

Are You Still Chasing the Almighty Dollar, Even Though You Have Plenty to Retire?

In our experience, many have saved enough money to retire comfortably. Yet too many worry about their money running out and want more. Maybe it’s tim…
May 6, 2021
9 Tax Deadlines for May 17 (It's Not Just the Due Date for Your Tax Return)
tax deadline

9 Tax Deadlines for May 17 (It's Not Just the Due Date for Your Tax Return)

Between due dates for extension requests, IRA or HSA contributions, and other deadlines, there's more to do by May 17 than just filing your federal in…
May 4, 2021

Recommended

33 States with No Estate Taxes or Inheritance Taxes
retirement

33 States with No Estate Taxes or Inheritance Taxes

Even with the federal exemption from death taxes raised, retirees should pay more attention to estate taxes and inheritance taxes levied by states.
May 6, 2021
Taxes, Taxes and More Taxes
tax planning

Taxes, Taxes and More Taxes

In light of the recent proposals by President Biden and Sens. Bernie Sanders and Chris Van Hollen, here’s what could be coming and some ideas on how t…
May 4, 2021
Why Today’s Retirees Need to Pursue Tax-Minimization Strategies
tax planning

Why Today’s Retirees Need to Pursue Tax-Minimization Strategies

IRAs are the name of the game for today’s retirees. While they come with helpful tax breaks for savers, pulling money out in retirement comes with maj…
May 4, 2021
Saver's Credit: A Retirement Tax Break for the Middle Class
Tax Breaks

Saver's Credit: A Retirement Tax Break for the Middle Class

Your retirement contributions could be the key to a lower tax bill.
May 3, 2021