Charitable Tax Deductions: An Additional Reward for the Gift of Giving
With a charitable tax deduction, you can donate to a good cause and cut your tax bill at the same time.
With so many people across the globe suffering from war, Covid, famine, inflation, and a long list of other problems, your donations to charity are needed now as much as ever. And those who give a gift to charity might also receive one in return…in the form of a charitable tax deduction.
This incentive to giving lets you donate to a good cause and cut your tax bill at the same time. But there are a number of rules to follow and boxes to check before you can deduct your charitable contributions. You also might not be able to deduct all your donations. However, if you can satisfy all the requirements, helping those who are less fortunate than you can save you money at tax time. So, break out your checkbook or jump online and send a donation to your favorite charity today.
You Must Itemize to Claim a Charitable Tax Deduction
For the 2020 and 2021 tax years, people who took the standard deduction could also deduction up to $300 of cash donations to charity. This deduction was not available to people who claimed itemized deductions on Schedule A. Those people could still deduct contributions to charity, but under a separate set of rules. However, the $300 deduction wasn't extended past 2021. As a result, for your 2022 tax return and beyond, only Americans who itemize can write off gifts to charity.
What Kinds of Donations Are Deductible?
People who itemize deductions can generally deduct contributions of cash or property to charitable organizations. If property is donated, your deduction is generally equal to the property's fair market value. If you give property that has increased in value, you may have to reduce the fair market value by the amount of appreciation when calculating the deduction. If the property has decreased in value, your deduction is limited to the current fair market value. For tips on determining the fair market value of donated property, see IRS Publication 561.
In addition, itemizers can deduct out-of-pocket expenses paid to do volunteer work for a charitable organization. For example, if you drove to and from volunteer work, you can deduct the actual cost of gas and oil or 14¢ per mile, plus parking and tolls. You can't deduct any amounts that are reimbursed, though.
Requirements and Limitations for Charitable Tax Deductions
There are certain hoops you might have to jump through before you can claim a Schedule A charitable deduction. For instance, for gifts of $250 or more, you must get a written acknowledgment from the charity stating (1) the amount of any cash donation and a description (but not value) of any donated property, and (2) whether the charity gave you any goods or services in return for your contribution. If you donate property worth $500 or more, you have to submit Form 8283 with your return. If you donate a motor vehicle, boat, or airplane worth over $5,000, you might have to get the property appraised, too. There are other requirements that need to be satisfied, so make sure you read the Schedule A instructions carefully before claiming a charitable deduction.
The amount you can deduct can be limited or reduced, too. For example, if you make a gift and receive a benefit in return – such as food, entertainment, or merchandise – you generally have to subtract the value of the benefit from your deduction. The deduction for cash donations is generally limited to 60% of your federal adjusted gross income (AGI). If you donate property to certain charitable organizations, your deduction might be limited to 50% of your AGI. There's also a 30%-of-AGI limit for capital gain property contributed to certain organizations. If you're denied part of a deduction because of these limits, you may be able to carry the excess amount over and deduct it on a future tax return (carryovers are generally limited to five years). Check the Schedule A instructions and IRS Publication 526 for details and additional limits.
In addition, charitable donations made by seniors through a qualified charitable distribution (QCD) from an IRA can't be deducted on Schedule A. But you can still save on taxes, since QCDs aren't included in taxable income.
Charities Accepting Tax Deductible Donations
Even though your donation may be used for a good cause, that doesn't necessarily mean that you can deduct it. Only contributions to certain charitable organizations are deductible. For example, if you gave money through a GoFundMe page to help a local business that's struggling during the pandemic, you probably can't deduct that donation.
Fortunately, there's an easy way to determine if donations you make to an organization are tax-deductible charitable contributions. The IRS's online "Tax Exempt Organization Search" tool will tell you if an organization is tax-exempt and eligible to receive tax-deductible charitable contributions.