2023 Standard Deduction Amounts Are Now Available

The IRS has released the 2023 standard deduction amounts. In addition to saving you money, the standard deduction can also tell you if you even have to file a return.

2023 tax planner
(Image credit: Getty Images)

The 2023 standard deduction amounts are out. While it will be quite a while before you have to file your 2023 tax return, it's always a good idea to be thinking ahead when it comes to taxes. For many people, the standard deduction is one of the key factors in calculating their ultimate tax bill. That's because it's typically the largest deduction on millions of tax returns each year, and it can determine whether or not you even have to file a return.

Your standard deduction amount depends on your filing status, whether you're 65 or older and/or blind, and whether another taxpayer can claim you as a dependent. They're also adjusted for inflation each year. For the 2023 tax year, the standard deduction amounts are as follows:

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Filing Status2023 Standard Deduction
Single; Married Filing Separately$13,850
Married Filing Jointly; Surviving Spouse$27,700
Head of Household$20,800

If you're at least 65 years old or blind, you can claim an additional standard deduction of $1,500 in 2023 ($1,850 if you're claiming the single or head of household filing status). If you're both 65 or older and blind, the additional deduction amount is doubled.

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If you can be claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return, your 2023 standard deduction is limited to the greater of $1,250 or your earned income plus $400 (the total can't be more than the basic standard deduction for your filing status).

For the 2022 amounts, see What's the Standard Deduction for 2022 vs. 2021?

Will You Need to File a 2023 Tax Return?

Not everyone is required to file a tax return each year. For instance, most people don't have to file a return if their income is less than their standard deduction. That makes sense, since your standard deduction is subtracted from your adjusted gross income (AGI). As a result, if the standard deduction is greater than your AGI, your taxable income will be reduced to zero.

That's not the case for everyone, though. For instance, different rules for determining whether you're required to file a tax return apply if someone can claim you as a dependent; you owe certain special taxes (e.g., alternative minimum tax, additional tax on a qualified retirement plan, household employment taxes, payroll taxes on unreported tips, etc.); you or your spouse received distributions from a health savings account, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA; you had at least $400 of net earnings from self-employment; advance payments of the premium tax credit were made for you or your family; and more.

Plus, even if you aren't required to file a tax return, you might want to file a return anyway. That might be the only way to get a refund for taxes that were withheld from your paycheck or for certain refundable tax credits (e.g., the earned income tax credit).

Rocky Mengle
Senior Tax Editor, Kiplinger.com

Rocky was a Senior Tax Editor for Kiplinger from October 2018 to January 2023. He has more than 20 years of experience covering federal and state tax developments. Before coming to Kiplinger, he worked for Wolters Kluwer Tax & Accounting and Kleinrock Publishing, where he provided breaking news and guidance for CPAs, tax attorneys, and other tax professionals. He has also been quoted as an expert by USA Today, Forbes, U.S. News & World Report, Reuters, Accounting Today, and other media outlets. Rocky has a law degree from the University of Connecticut and a B.A. in History from Salisbury University.