Stock Market Holidays in 2022
Is the stock market open today? Take a look at which days the NYSE, Nasdaq and bond markets take off in 2022.
Is the stock market open today? Well, you can answer that question at any point throughout 2022 with our handy guide.
Here, we provide a schedule of stock market holidays and bond market holidays across all of 2022. Please note that regular trading hours for the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq Stock Market are 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eastern on weekdays. The stock markets close at 1 p.m. on early-closure days; bond markets close early at 2 p.m.
Note that the list of stock market holidays has actually grown by one in 2022. That's because Congress voted in 2021 to make Juneteenth – the June 19 holiday commemorating the end of slavery – the 12th federal holiday. When President Joe Biden signed the bill, Juneteenth became the first new federal holiday since Martin Luther King Jr. Day., which was signed into law in 1983.
That said, in 2022, the markets will close on Monday, June 20, in observance of Juneteenth, as the actual holiday falls on a Sunday.
2022 Market Holidays
|Monday, Jan. 17||Martin Luther King Jr. Day||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Monday, Feb. 21||Presidents' Day/Washington's Birthday||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Thursday, April 14||Maundy Thursday||Open||Open||Early close|
|Friday, April 15||Good Friday||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Friday, May 27||Friday Before Memorial Day||Open||Open||Early close|
|Monday, May 30||Memorial Day||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Monday, June 20||Juneteenth National Independence Day (Observed)||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Friday, July 1||Friday Before Independence Day||Open||Open||Early close|
|Monday, July 4||Independence Day||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Monday, Sept. 5||Labor Day||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Monday, Oct. 10||Columbus Day||Open||Open||Closed|
|Friday, Nov. 11||Veterans Day||Open||Open||Closed|
|Thursday, Nov. 24||Thanksgiving Day||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Friday, Nov. 25||Day After Thanksgiving||Early close|
|Friday, Dec. 23||Christmas Eve (Observed)||Open||Open||Early close|
|Monday, Dec. 26||Christmas Day (Observed)||Closed||Closed||Closed|
|Friday, Dec. 30||New Year's Eve (Observed)||Open||Open||Early close|
* This is the recommended bond market holiday schedule from the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA). This schedule is subject to change.
Stock Market Holiday Schedule
The NYSE and Nasdaq stock markets typically observe 10 holidays each year:
- New Year's Day
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
- Presidents' Day
- Good Friday
- Memorial Day
- Independence Day
- Labor Day
- Thanksgiving Day
- Christmas Day
In certain circumstances, the stock market will close early in the days preceding or following market holidays. The NYSE and Nasdaq will close at 1 p.m. the day after Thanksgiving; on Christmas Eve, if it falls on a weekday; and on July 3, if both it and July 4 fall on a weekday.
Bond Market Holiday Schedule
The bond markets observe the same 10 holidays, as well as two additional holidays:
- Columbus Day
- Veterans Day
The bond markets also observe several early closings at 2 p.m. each year:
- The Friday preceding Memorial Day
- The Friday before Independence Day
- Black Friday (the day after Thanksgiving)
- Christmas Eve
- New Year's Eve
A couple small differences from 2021: The bond market is back to being off on Good Friday, and it will close early on Maundy Thursday.
When it comes to the stock and bond markets alike, if a holiday falls on a weekend, market closures are dictated by two rules:
- If the holiday falls on a Saturday, the market will close on the preceding Friday.
- If the holiday falls on a Sunday, the market will close on the subsequent Monday.
Stock and Bond Market Hours
The "core trading" stock market hours for the NYSE and Nasdaq are 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. on weekdays. However, both exchanges offer premarket trading hours between 4 and 9:30 a.m., as well as late trading hours between 4 and 8 p.m.
Bond markets usually trade between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m.
Why does the stock market offer such limited hours when there are people who would want to buy and sell 24/7?
One of the main reasons is "liquidity," which is how much buying and selling is going on at a given time. The more liquidity in a particular security, the likelier you are to get a fair price on it; the less liquidity, the more likely you might have to settle for a less-than-ideal price to finish off a transaction.
"For the market to function effectively, you need buyers and sellers," says Charles Sizemore, principal of Sizemore Capital Management. "This is why the stock market has set hours that happen to correspond to the East Coast workday. You want the maximum number of traders buying and selling at the same time.
"If you were at an estate auction selling your grandmother's antiques, you'd want a lot of bidders there. It's the same rationale in the stock market."
Temporary Market Stoppages
The stock market rarely closes unexpectedly, but so-called circuit breakers do occasionally trigger temporary trading halts.
Circuit breakers were first introduced after the Black Monday crash of October 1987. The Dow dropped almost 23% in a single session, which stands as a record to this day.
Circuit breakers are intended to curb panic selling. Like calling a timeout in sports, a temporary pause in trading allows market participants to catch their breath, though it doesn't necessarily keep stocks from declining once trading resumes.
There are three levels of circuit breakers tied to how steeply the market declines:
- A Level 1 market-wide circuit breaker is tripped if the S&P 500 falls 7% from its previous close.
- A Level 2 circuit breaker comes into effect when the market plunges 13%.
- A Level 3 circuit breaker kicks in if the market tanks 20%.
A Level 1 or Level 2 breach halts trading for a minimum of 15 minutes. A Level 3 rout halts trading for the remainder of the trading day.
Level 1 and Level 2 circuit breakers can be triggered between 9:30 a.m. and 3:25 p.m. ET. A Level 3 breach can be triggered at any time.
Extraordinary Stock Market Closures
The market has also shut down a smattering of times throughout history following catastrophic events. The attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon prevented the market from opening on Sept. 11, 2001, and the exchanges remained shut until Sept. 17.
Prior to that, you have to go back to World War I for an example of the stock market shutting down. The outbreak of hostilities in Europe led The New York Stock Exchange to close up shop from July 31 to Nov. 28, 1914.
The market went dark only two other times in its history. The NYSE closed for 10 days during the Panic of 1873; and it took a week off trading to mourn the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865.