investing

Bank of America Investing Chief: Focus on High-Quality Stocks

This market analyst sees the bull market becoming a buffalo market: "Heavy, rather hairy, and unattractive at times."

Christopher Hyzy is the chief investment officer for the Global Wealth and Investment Management division of Bank of America. Here are excerpts from our interview:

Hyzy: We’re still in a grind. All bull markets climb a wall of worry, but this one has a bit of grease on it. At the end of last year, two of the main worries were the downdraft in oil prices—a big reason for the recession in corporate profits—and the strength in the dollar, which hurt U.S. manufacturing companies and led investors to believe a recession was around the corner. A third worry was that negative interest rates were coming to the U.S. The final worry was that China’s economy was weaker than the government there was saying. Now the stock market has traded up due to stabilizing oil, a weaker dollar, stimulus in China to support growth, and a perception that the Federal Reserve Board will not implement negative rates here and will be very, very patient about raising them. The U.S. stock market is now fairly valued. Between now and the end of the year, Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index will move between 2,025 and 2,150. Potential surprises would be further weakening of the dollar or the price of a barrel of oil rising to the mid $50s. That could add $3 to $5 to the S&P’s earnings per share, and that could push the index to 2,200.

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Both the bull market, assuming we’re still in one, and the economic expansion are among the longest on record. How much life is left? When economic growth is slow and there’s little upward pressure on inflation, you lengthen the cycle by default. There’s less boom and bust; it feels more as though you’re walking in mud. We’re in a buffalo market. It’s not a bear, not technically a bull—but it’s in the bull family. It’s heavy, rather hairy and unattractive at times. It can roam for long periods but then get nervous out of the blue and run the other way. This sort of sideways market will continue into 2017, but volatility can spike at any time. We’ll close out the year on a high note, but we’re talking about mid-single-digit stock returns—in the range of 7% to 8%, including dividends.

What themes do you see taking shape? We see a movement from high-growth areas that did so well over the past few years into economy-sensitive, bargain-priced assets—what we call cyclical value—that significantly underperformed. Lately, energy, financial, materials and industrial companies have been going through a mini melt-up. Emerging markets are coming back to life. We expect the shift from growth to cyclical value to continue into 2017.

Where are the best opportunities? The most important thing is to choose high-quality names in a mix of sectors. Overweight energy, financials, tech and health care. We also like companies that provide consumer non-necessities, but not big-box retailers. People are spending on experiences, less so on goods. Travel, leisure and entertainment are areas that should do well.

Where would you invest outside the U.S.? Our preference is for the U.S.—it’s the engine of growth in the developed world. But Europe and Japan offer good value compared with the U.S. More economic restructuring is needed for emerging markets to be sustainable investments long term, but if you have been underweight in those markets, you should now be closer to a neutral weighting.

What should investors make of the recent strength in small-company stocks? That’s a classic example of money flowing into areas that have lagged. We’re neutral to slightly positive on small caps. In the end, our preference is for high-quality large caps with dividend yields of 2.5% to 4.5%. We look for companies that we think will raise their dividend, don’t need to take on a lot of debt and have a level of earnings growth above that of the S&P. Most of them will be found in tech, health care and industrials.

How should investors position themselves for the presidential election? Making a bet on one or two sectors is not recommended. If there is more pressure on health care firms because of drug-pricing controversies, any weakness could be a buying opportunity for the better-quality companies. If there are worries over borders, protectionism and trade, the dollar could get stronger, and domestically focused companies will do better. Both parties favor spending on aerospace and defense.

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