Commodities: A “Golden” Way to Play the Improving Economy
If you don’t own commodities, add them. If you do … add a little more.
After suffering a decade-long bear market, commodities appear ready to turn around in 2018. The timing could not be better for investors feeling nervous about a sky-high stock market starting to return to reality. Now may be an excellent time to increase your portfolio’s allocation to commodities.
Don’t worry. This is not a suggestion to dump stocks and hide everything in gold mines and oil rigs. However, many financial experts agree that all investors should diversify a stocks-and-bonds portfolio with a small portion of some other type of non-correlated area, such as gold or commodities in general.
This is the case no matter where you are in your investing life.
Since commodities are growth-sensitive assets, they perform well when the economy starts to improve, as it appears to be doing now. And Pimco, one of the country’s largest fixed-income investment managers, found that a portfolio of 55% stocks, 40% bonds and 5% commodities offers lower volatility and higher risk-adjusted returns over time than a portfolio without the commodities. They help smooth portfolio performance in times of high inflation, too.
It once seemed silly to worry about inflation, what with interest rates remaining so low, even as the Federal Reserve reaffirmed its commitment to gradually raising short-term rates throughout the year. But since July 2016, the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note has, in fact, been rising from its low of 1.34% to its recent 2.88%.
Commodities are poised to lock in a solid performance this year, according Bart Melek, Global Head of Commodity Strategy at TD Securities. He believes the U.S. dollar is going to fall and that, in turn, means the overall commodity complex should find strength. Commodities are priced in U.S. dollars, so with all else held constant, a decline in the value of the dollar means commodities prices should move higher.
Melek also cited strong demand from China as a secondary factor. Indeed, supplies are tight and demand is rising in many areas, from gold and platinum to oil and zinc.
Commodity Bull Markets Last for Years
Commodities tend to hold very long trends, whether they’re rising or falling. After peaking in 2008, when oil prices topped $145 per barrel, it’s been mostly downhill not just for oil, but other commodities, from gold to copper.
But that appears to be changing.
The Bloomberg Commodity Index, which tracks more than 20 commodities in energy, agriculture, industrials and precious metals, seems to be on the verge of breaking out to the upside (see the chart below). It set its low point in January 2016, coincidentally when the current leg of the bull market in stocks began. Oil, gold and copper all bottomed together around that time, as well, which reinforces the idea that it was a meaningful bottom for the entire commodities complex.
Since the middle of 2016, the index formed what analysts call a base, or a resting phase, that can appear just before the market kicks off a new bull run. From the technical point of view, this is a positive chart.
But since commodities tend to move in one direction for years at a time, there is even more encouraging news. When we look at the historical performance of commodities versus stocks, we can make a good case that we’ve reached a major turning point.
The Pendulum Is Swinging
Compared to stocks, commodities are very cheap. In the 1970s, commodities started to outperform and beat the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index by 800% heading into the 1973 oil crisis. From there, the pendulum swung back and forth, giving each asset class the advantage for a period of seven to nine years!
The Gulf crisis in 1990 and the dot-com bubble bursting in 1999 were both major turning points in this see-saw battle. So was the 2008 peak in commodities and financial crisis bottom for stocks.
Right now, the ratio of the GSCI Commodity index to the S&P 500 is at the same extreme low level that kicked off big shifts to commodities and away from stocks in the past.
In other words, the dominance of stocks over commodities may be close to finished. That does not mean that stocks will necessary fall, but rather that commodities may just do better.
Again, the bottom line here for most investors is raising your portfolio’s allocation to commodities by 5 percentage points. If you have no exposure, then go to 5%. If you already have 5%, then perhaps raise it to 10%.
Depending on an individual client’s profile, Rob Isbitts, Chief Investment Officer at Sungarden Fund Management, LLC, said that up to a 15% allocation to commodities is reasonable for growth-oriented portfolios. As you can see, this is not a wholesale shift in your investment strategy but rather a tweak with several benefits.
- You take advantage of the pending strength in commodities.
- You slightly reduce exposure to equities, and even bonds, as both those markets are extended.
- You reduce portfolio volatility.
For the high-rolling speculator, futures are the most popular. However, for most of the rest of us, there are many exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and exchange-traded notes (ETNs) that track commodities and are as easy to buy and sell as common stocks. Investors also can buy ETFs and individual stocks in sectors that directly benefit from rising commodities prices, such as oil exploration, gold mining and agriculture.
Legendary money manager Jeffrey Gundlach, CEO of DoubleLine Capital, also thinks the time has come for adding commodities to a portfolio. He suggested the PowerShares DB Commodity Index Tracking Fund (DBC, $16.83), iPath Bloomberg Commodity Index Total Return ETN (DJP, $24.54) and the iShares S&P GSCI Commodity-Indexed ETF (GSG, $17.04).
These are diversified instruments. For example, the DBC is based on an index composed of futures contracts on 14 of the most heavily traded physical commodities in the world.
If you believe strongly about gold, which is most sensitive to the weak U.S. dollar, then there are SPDR Gold Shares (GLD, $126.71), which hold physical gold. If you are more comfortable with stocks than actual commodities, the VanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETF (GDX, $22.71) provides indirect exposure to the yellow metal via gold miners, which often move like gold but in an even more exaggerated manner.
The choices are endless. Just remember that the more diversified your selection, the less you must rely on your own determination of which commodities are strongest and which are weakest. However, by going with a basket of commodities that blend strong performers with weak performers, you could mute your returns.