Republican Tax Package Expected After Debt Ceiling Deal

With the debt ceiling crisis averted Republicans could propose a bill soon to address key tax changes. Will some of its provisions have bipartisan support?

picture of the U.S. capitol building for debt ceiling story
(Image credit: Getty Images)

Good news: The McCarthy-Biden debt ceiling agreement is signed, sealed, and delivered. The legislation to avoid U.S. default was signed by President Biden late Saturday.

"The agreement represents a compromise, which means not everyone gets what they want. That's the responsibility of governing," President Biden said in a statement. In a Tweet, McCarthy described the deal as being "worthy of the American people."

The legislation keeps non-defense discretionary spending relatively flat until after the 2024 election. The agreement also:

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  • Claws back and redirects $21 million of the $80 billion in funding allocated to the IRS.
  • Brings an end (in August) to the current pause on payments for federal student loans.
  • Makes changes to work requirements for some government assistance programs (e.g., SNAP), among other things.

Before the agreement, the White House maintained that budget negotiations should not compromise safeguarding the United States' full faith and credit. McCarthy maintained that Republicans would not lift the debt ceiling without budget cuts. And Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen expressed concern about the impact of the debt ceiling crisis on the economy.

But since the debt limit crisis has been averted, what happens now? Will there be movement on any other legislation? Some Republican lawmakers say that the answer is yes and that we may see proposed tax legislation in the coming weeks.

2023 GOP Tax Proposal After Debt Ceiling Deal

Tax Notes (paywall) recently reported that House Republicans plan to unveil a 2023 tax package "quickly" after the debt ceiling agreement. The package could address some key tax changes involving research and development credits and 1099-K relief for casual online sellers. In the past, both of those issues have shown potential for some bipartisan support. 

Other tax developments that could reportedly be included in the 2023 GOP tax bill would be some form of child tax credit and a provision to address the cap on state and local tax (SALT) deductions.

R&D Tax Relief: Federal R&D Tax Credit and Bonus Depreciation 

One of the tax issues that is likely to be in the House GOP tax proposal deals with research and development (R&D) tax credits. 

But given deep divisions in Congress and all the wrangling over the debt ceiling, it’s been hard to say whether lawmakers on both sides of the aisle can garner the votes for bipartisan R&D tax changes. 

Toward the end of last year, there were discussions among Democrats and Republicans regarding support for R&D relief and the reinstatement of the expanded child tax credit, which has been shown to reduce poverty in the U.S. However, talks were stalled due to the high cost of reinstating the child tax credit and other issues, such as a work requirement proposed by Republicans. 

Some Republican Senators have proposed different versions of an increased child tax credit over the last few years. It's conceivable that the House tax bill could include some form of increased child tax credit, which could potentially serve as an olive branch for other tax provisions that might not receive bipartisan support.

1099-K Relief: $600 Rule for Casual Online Sellers

Previously to receive a 1099-K, you had to have at least 200 third-party payment network transactions totaling more than $20,000 in gross payments. Now, in 2023, a single transaction on a payment network of just $600 can trigger a 1099-K. Some people call this the “$600 rule.” The IRS delayed the implementation of the rule last year, but the change and the delay continue to cause confusion.

There is a chance for Congress to provide relief for those affected by the 1099-K rule, with some level of bipartisan support. However, it is currently unclear what the new threshold reporting amount would be. 

The Coalition for 1099-K Fairness, which is made up of online marketplaces like eBay, PayPal, and Etsy, has been advocating for Congress to take action over the past year. They are hoping for legislation that will raise the 1099-K threshold, which would benefit "casual sellers" — millions of people who receive smaller payments through third-party networks but have not received 1099-K forms in the past. 


House Republicans are reportedly discussing another potential tax change involving the cap on state and local tax (SALT) deductions. The current $10,000 limit on the popular tax deduction was enacted in 2017 as part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), also known as the “Trump tax cuts.” The provision has been controversial ever since, mainly because of its significant impact on taxpayers in predominantly “blue” states with high local and state taxes.

Over the years, some Congressional lawmakers have repeatedly called for either a full repeal of the SALT cap or some other form of SALT relief subject to income limitations. However, whether the SALT cap makes it into the House GOP tax package, or if a SALT provision would have sufficient support to eventually pass, remains to be seen.

Trump Tax Cuts: Making Them Permanent

Over the past year or so, House Republicans have pledged to eventually propose legislation to make the so-called Trump tax cuts permanent. The individual tax cuts were enacted with the TCJA, and many of the tax breaks tied to individuals are set to expire after 2025.

However, it’s unclear at this time whether House Republicans will propose making the cuts permanent in a tax package so close to contentious debt limit negotiations. That’s especially true since Republicans have expressed concern about the national debt, the budget, and government spending. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated the cost of making the TCJA cuts permanent to be about $3.5 trillion over the next 10 years. 

Kelley R. Taylor
Senior Tax Editor,

With more than 20 years of experience as a corporate attorney and business journalist, Kelley R. Taylor has contributed to numerous national print and digital magazines on key issues spanning education, law, health, finance, and tax. Over the years, Kelley has extensively covered major tax developments and changes including the TCJA, pandemic-era changes in ARPA, the SECURE 2.0 Act, and the numerous clean energy tax credits in the Inflation Reduction Act. Kelley particularly enjoys translating complex information in ways that help empower people in their daily lives and work.