EV Charger Tax Credit 2023: What You Need to Know

The federal EV charger tax credit for electric vehicle charging stations and equipment is back for 2023 with a few key changes.

EV charger
(Image credit: Getty Images)

The EV charger tax credit is back, thanks to the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) — massive climate, energy, tax, and healthcare legislation passed last year. You may have heard that the IRA contains billions of dollars in tax incentives, including a tax credit for new and used electric vehicles. But the IRA also brought back the EV charger federal tax credit for electric vehicle charging stations and equipment that had expired two years ago. 

There are some changes to the EV charger federal tax credit that you will want to be aware of to potentially take advantage of the tax break. Here’s what you need to know about those changes and new proposals for high-powered EV charger networks from major automakers and the Biden administration.

2023 EV charger tax credit: Is an electric car charger tax dedutible?

The federal tax credit for electric vehicle chargers originally expired at the end of 2021. However, the Inflation Reduction Act’s Alternative Fuel Refueling Property tax credit extends the EV charger tax incentive for ten years — through December 31, 2032.

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So, what does that mean for you? Essentially, if you install a home EV charging station, the tax credit is 30% of the cost of hardware and installation, up to $1,000. Also, beginning this year (i.e., 2023), the EV charger tax credit for business and home installations applies to other EV charger equipment like bidirectional (i.e., two-way) chargers.

Businesses that install new EV chargers or EV charger equipment can also benefit from a tax incentive of up to 30% of the total cost of equipment and installation. But they will have to meet certain labor and construction requirements to be eligible to claim the full incentive.

Related: How the New Federal EV Tax Credit Works for 2023

Before the Inflation Reduction Act, the limit on the amount of the EV charger tax credit for businesses was $30,000. That limit applies to projects that were completed before the end of last year.  However, under the IRA, if you complete the business installation project after 2022, the tax credit per property item is up to $100,000 per EV charger.

All of this means that while electric vehicle chargers are not entirely tax deductible, you might benefit, to some degree, from the tax incentives in the Inflation Reduction Act that apply for refueling property.

How to claim the EV charger tax credit: Form 8911

To claim the federal tax credit for your home EV charger, or other EV charging equipment, file Form 8911 with the IRS when you file your federal income tax return.

  • You will need your receipts that show the purchase price of the EV charger and any fees for installation of the charger.
  • You will also need to know your tax liability for the year that you’re claiming the credit. That’s because the EV charger tax credit is subtracted from any federal tax that you might owe on that year’s return.

Also, the EV charger tax credit isn’t refundable, so you won't receive cash back as a result of claiming the credit. 

Biden’s EV charging station plan

President Biden announced a $900 billion electric vehicle charging station investment plan. The plan is to build 100 million EV charging stations in thirty-five states. The Biden administration has indicated that the approved investment will span 53,000 miles of national highway.

The massive investment in EV charging stations stems from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law that the White House says, “invests $7.5 billion to build a national EV charger network so that charging EVs is predictable, reliable, and accessible.”

Major automakers plan EV charger network

In mid-2024, BMW and six other leading automakers intend to launch an extensive EV charger network across North America.

As Kiplinger has reported, the group, which includes General Motors, Honda, Hyundai, Kia, Mercedes-Benz Group, and Stellantis NV, announced in late July that the EV charging stations will be available to all electric vehicle customers. The stations will offer combined charging system (CCS) and North American charging standard (NACS) connectors.

According to a statement released by the companies involved, a joint venture has been established to develop a minimum of 30,000 chargers. The goal is to increase the appeal of zero-emission driving for millions of customers. These chargers will be installed in both urban areas and along highways.

Related: Automakers to Roll Out Massive EV Charger Network

Home solar and home EV chargers

In a related addition to the EV charger tax credit, the Inflation Reduction Act provides incentives for installation of home solar panels with the Residential Clean Energy tax credit. For home and residential solar product installations, the IRA allows a nonrefundable tax credit of up to 30% of the total cost.

That 30% tax credit is based on eligible expenses like solar panels, power cells, labor, permitting and developer fees, other necessary related solar equipment, batteries, and inspection costs.

Related: Should You Go Solar?

The solar energy tax credit applies for the next ten years — through December 2032. The tax credit is available for the year in which you complete the solar installation.

The home solar panel tax credit can be beneficial on its own, of course. But it also has potential positive implications for people interested in using solar panels to charge their electric vehicles. That’s because if you’re eligible for both home and residential solar tax breaks and the tax credit for EV chargers and equipment, you could reap the benefits of two significant clean energy tax incentives in the new law.

And if you’re even luckier, you could be one of the consumers who is eligible next year to claim the EV tax credit for new and used electric vehicles.

EV charger state rebates and incentives

In addition to the federal tax credit for EV chargers and EV charging equipment, there are numerous state and regional incentives that you may be able to benefit from if you have a home EV charging station.

For example, some utility providers in California offer both residential and commercial EV charger rebates. These California EV charger rebate amounts can be as high as $1,000 in some districts. New York offers an EV tax credit rebate that can also help offset the purchase and installation costs of an EV charging station. New York has offered a rebate of up to $5,000.

Related: Colorado State EV Tax Credit Rises to $5,000

These are just a couple of examples of state EV charger incentives, but keep in mind that because the availability, amount, terms, and conditions surrounding state EV charger incentive programs vary considerably. So, it’s important to check your state to understand how the incentives work in your area.

Additionally, the U.S. Department of Energy has a searchable database on its website that can help you find state tax credits and rebates that might help offset or lower the cost of your EV charger and EV charging equipment.

More on Clean Energy Tax Credits

Kelley R. Taylor
Senior Tax Editor, Kiplinger.com

As the senior tax editor at Kiplinger.com, Kelley R. Taylor simplifies federal and state tax information, news, and developments to help empower readers. Kelley has over two decades of experience advising on and covering education, law, finance, and tax as a corporate attorney and business journalist.