Roth IRA Contribution Limits for 2024

Roth IRA contribution limits have gone up for 2024. Here's a look at the new limits and income-based phaseouts.

Concept art showing the phrase Roth IRA spelled out next to some money.
(Image credit: Getty Images)

All-in-all, Roth IRAs offer certain people a great way to save for retirement, and this year, you can save even more. The IRS has increased contribution limits on IRAs for 2024, along with raising 401(k) contribution limits.

Here's what you need to know about 2024 Roth IRA contribution and income limits.

2024 Roth IRA contribution limits and income limits

The maximum amount you can contribute to a Roth IRA for 2024 is $7,000 (up from $6,500 in 2023) if you're younger than age 50. If you're age 50 and older, you can add an extra $1,000 per year in "catch-up" contributions, bringing the total contribution to $8,000. The catch-up contribution was also $1000 in 2023.

Subscribe to Kiplinger’s Personal Finance

Be a smarter, better informed investor.

Save up to 74%

Sign up for Kiplinger’s Free E-Newsletters

Profit and prosper with the best of expert advice on investing, taxes, retirement, personal finance and more - straight to your e-mail.

Profit and prosper with the best of expert advice - straight to your e-mail.

Sign up

The actual amount that you are allowed to contribute to a Roth IRA is based on your income. To be eligible to contribute the maximum amount in 2024, your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) must be less than $146,000 (up from $138,000 last year) if single or between $230,000 and $240,000 (up from between $218,000 and $228,000 last year) if married and filing jointly. 

Contributions begin phasing out above those amounts, and you can't put any money into a Roth IRA once your income reaches $161,000 if a single filer or $240,000 if married and filing jointly.

Roth IRAs vs. traditional IRAs

Unlike contributions to a traditional IRA, which may be tax-deductible, a Roth IRA has no up-front tax break. Money goes into the Roth after it has already been taxed. But when you start pulling money out in retirement, your withdrawals will be tax-free.

Also, Roths — unlike traditional IRAs — are not subject to required minimum distributions (RMDs) after age 72.

Roths are also more flexible than traditional, deductible IRAs. You can withdraw contributions from a Roth account anytime, tax- and penalty-free. If you want to withdraw earnings tax-free, though, you must be at least age 59-1/2, and you must have owned the Roth for at least five years. The clock on the five-year holding period starts ticking on January 1 of the year you open the account.

You can open a Roth IRA through a bank, brokerage, mutual fund or insurance company, and you can invest your retirement money in stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds and other approved investments. You have until the federal tax filing deadline to make your Roth IRA contribution for the prior year.

Is a Roth IRA right for you?

There isn't a minimum age limit to open a Roth IRA, and you can contribute to another person's Roth account as a gift — perfect for parents looking to kick-start a child's retirement savings. Two caveats: Recipients must have earned income, and you can only contribute an amount up to that person's annual earnings or $7,000, whichever is less.

Financial experts generally recommend Roths for people who anticipate a greater tax burden in retirement, whether because of rising income or higher tax rates in general. By paying the taxes on those contributions while your income or tax rate is lower, you’ll reap the benefit of tax-free money later when it counts more. This is especially true for someone who plans to retire in 2026 or later. Unless Congress intervenes, current income tax rates are supposed to sunset at the end of 2025 and revert to 2017 income tax rates beginning January 1, 2026. If that happens, here’s a sample of what you can expect: The current 12% rate becomes 15%, the 22% rate rises to 25%, and the 24% rate jumps to 28%.

Roths can also provide valuable tax diversification in retirement and can be a great way to balance other sources of income, such as withdrawals from a 401(k) or Roth IRA and Social Security payments. For instance, those tax-free Roth withdrawals in retirement won’t contribute to your taxable income, which is used to determine how much you pay for Medicare, including any surcharges (also known as income-related monthly adjustment amounts or IRMAAs).

Finally, note that if you invest in both a Roth IRA and a traditional IRA, the total amount of money you contribute to both accounts can't exceed the annual limit. If you do exceed it, the IRS might hit you with a 6% excessive contribution penalty.

Roth IRA savings tips

To make the most of saving for retirement in your Roth IRA:

  • Max out your contributions. For each year that you're able, aim to hit the $7,000 limit.
  • Once you turn 50, add another $1,000 to that limit annually. You can add funds to your Roth for as long as you have earnings from work.
  • Avoid withdrawing funds you contributed to your account, even though you can do so without penalties or taxes. Letting that money grow in the account over many years means a bigger nest egg in retirement.

Related Content

Senior Retirement Editor,

Jackie Stewart is the senior retirement editor for and the senior editor for Kiplinger's Retirement Report. 

With contributions from