retirement planning

3 Things You Can Do Now to Cut Your Taxes in Retirement

Taxes may be one of your biggest expenses in retirement, and they could be on the rise in the coming years. So take action now to minimize them when you retire. Here are three steps to consider.

Most people who call financial advisers don’t have a money problem — they have a tax problem.

The root of the issue is that many folks have been indoctrinated to defer taxes by putting their money in a 401(k), 403(b) or 457(b) and letting those accounts grow. The problem is when the required minimum distribution (RMD) is triggered after the age of 72, there is a potential tax time bomb — especially if tax rates are higher in the future than they are now. Withdrawal amounts are set by the IRS and may force you to withdraw more than you normally would in one year, meaning an increased tax burden.

We’ve seen increased government spending due to COVID-19, which could mean a larger tax bill down the road, even for those no longer earning income. There are several reasons why your tax burden could actually increase in retirement, including RMDs from tax-deferred retirement accounts, property sales and taxes on Social Security benefits.

If you believe, as many do, that taxes could go up, here are some things to consider to possibly lessen your tax exposure in retirement:

Withdraw while the rates are favorable

Today’s tax rates are relatively low, which is one good reason to retire early, if feasible, and start withdrawing money from those tax-deferred accounts. Take advantage of the more favorable tax rates now by spending down on your IRAs or 401(k) — but only after age 59½, the point at which you don’t pay the IRS a penalty for withdrawals.

Or you could first live partially off your savings, which currently earn low interest, and then off your tax-deferred accounts. The point is to avoid large withdrawals of tax-deferred funds at higher tax rates in the future.

Be proactive by converting to a Roth IRA

As opposed to a traditional IRA, Roth IRAs are funded with after-tax dollars, and the contributions are not tax-deductible. But the key difference is that once you start withdrawing funds, the money is tax-free. When converting tax-deferred funds to a Roth IRA, you do owe the taxes on the full amount transferred in that particular tax year, but again, the benefit is in the long run. If you think your taxes will be higher in retirement than currently, a Roth IRA makes sense.

There are no limits on the number of conversions you can make nor on the dollar amounts you can convert. The idea is to convert as much as you can without pushing yourself into a higher tax bracket.

Aside from Roth conversions, if you are still earning an income, you could contribute to your Roth IRA. For 2021, the maximum you can contribute is $6,000, or $7,000 if you're 50 and older. However, be aware that there are income limits for contributions. Singles who make more than $140,000 this year or married couples with an income of more than $208,000 cannot contribute to a Roth IRA.

Understand how different types of retirement income are taxed

Here are three primary areas of taxable retirement income to review with your adviser. Understanding the nuances of each can help toward developing income-planning strategies to lower taxes throughout retirement:

  1. Investments. Investments held for one year or less are considered short-term capital gains and are taxed at ordinary income rates. Long-term capital gains, however, currently are taxed at either 0%, 15% or 20%, depending on income level. (Of course, that could change going forward, due to President Biden’s tax proposals.)
  2. Social Security. To figure out if your benefit can be taxed, add your adjusted gross income, nontaxable interest and half of your Social Security benefit to determine your combined income. If your combined individual income is between $25,000 and $34,000, or is between $32,000 and $44,000 as a married couple filing jointly, up to 50% of your benefit may be taxable. And, if your combined individual income is more than $34,000 or $44,000 as a married couple filing jointly, up to 85% of your benefit may be taxable.
  3. Annuity payments. Annuities offer certain tax benefits. They can be purchased with pretax dollars, in which case payments are taxed as income. However, annuities can also be funded with after-tax dollars, in which case taxes are only owed on the earnings. There are numerous options when it comes to annuities, and a professional can help you pick one that fits with your overall finances and retirement goals.

Many people assume their taxes will substantially decrease once they stop working, but this isn’t always the case. Taxes could actually be your biggest expense in retirement, making tax and income planning hugely important parts of a comprehensive retirement plan.

Dan Dunkin contributed to this article.

About the Author

Derek Overstreet, Investment Adviser

Owner, New Millennium Group

Derek Overstreet is an Investment Adviser who owns New Millennium Group in Utah. He believes a retirement plan should be built around safety and offer greater security for you and your loved ones. His team of financial planners provides comprehensive wealth management services designed to help you meet your investment goals.

The appearances in Kiplinger were obtained through a PR program. The columnist received assistance from a public relations firm in preparing this piece for submission to Kiplinger.com. Kiplinger was not compensated in any way.

Most Popular

25 Best Kirkland Products You Should Buy at Costco
Smart Buying

25 Best Kirkland Products You Should Buy at Costco

Many of warehouse club Costco's store-branded Kirkland Signature items get high marks for quality and value. Check out our picks.
July 21, 2021
Warning: You May Have to Pay Back Your Monthly Child Tax Credit Payments
Tax Breaks

Warning: You May Have to Pay Back Your Monthly Child Tax Credit Payments

Unlike stimulus checks, you might have to repay your monthly child tax credit payments if you get too much money from the IRS.
July 16, 2021
Will Monthly Child Tax Credit Payments Lower Your Tax Refund or Raise Your Tax Bill?
Tax Breaks

Will Monthly Child Tax Credit Payments Lower Your Tax Refund or Raise Your Tax Bill?

Everyone loves receiving large sums of money from Uncle Sam. But people who take advance child tax payments may take a hit on next year's tax refund.
July 31, 2021

Recommended

How to Potentially Preserve and Grow Your Portfolio in a Volatile Market
retirement planning

How to Potentially Preserve and Grow Your Portfolio in a Volatile Market

In volatile times, it’s always a good idea to get back to the basics of smart investing: setting goals, diversifying, determining your risk tolerance …
August 5, 2021
Can I Afford to Retire?
retirement planning

Can I Afford to Retire?

That fearful question is what holds many people back from taking the plunge, but a little fact-finding could give you the information you need to make…
August 4, 2021
Capital Gains Eating into Your Investments?
capital gains tax

Capital Gains Eating into Your Investments?

Choosing the right types of funds to own and carefully timing when you buy and sell them can make all the difference in a tax-efficient portfolio, hel…
August 4, 2021
On National Chocolate Chip Cookie Day, a Lesson in Life from Mrs. Fields
personal finance

On National Chocolate Chip Cookie Day, a Lesson in Life from Mrs. Fields

A humbling moment that we can all relate to put the future cookie queen on her entrepreneurial path. If Mrs. Fields could turn a humiliating foible ar…
August 4, 2021