Fiscal Year Definition: What Every Investor Should Know

The term "fiscal year" refers to the time frame that a company uses for financial reporting. Here's why it's an important concept for investors to be aware of.

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(Image credit: Getty Images)

The next earnings season is about to get underway. This time around, most companies will report first-quarter earnings that encompass the first three months of the year. But if a company runs on a different fiscal year, its time frame may vary. 

While the term "fiscal year" is a fairly simple concept, it's included in investing jargon that not everyone is familiar with. 

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Will Ashworth
Contributing Writer,

Will has written professionally for investment and finance publications in both the U.S. and Canada since 2004. A native of Toronto, Canada, his sole objective is to help people become better and more informed investors. Fascinated by how companies make money, he's a keen student of business history. Married and now living in Halifax, Nova Scotia, he's also got an interest in equity and debt crowdfunding.