In the last 12 months billions of American real estate investment dollars have poured into DSTs (Delaware Statutory Trusts) via the 1031 exchange process.
What is a DST? A Delaware Statutory Trust is a legal entity formed under Delaware law that allows investors to own undivided fractional ownership interests in professionally managed institutional grade real estate offerings around the United States. The interests can be owned by individuals or by certain entities. DSTs are offered and available only to accredited investors and entities.
The type of real estate owned in a DST is typically Class A multi-family apartments, medical buildings, hospitals, Amazon distribution centers, manufactured home communities, senior and student living, distribution facilities, storage portfolios, in some cases Walgreens and Walmart stores and industrial buildings. Many 1031 exchange DST investors are at a point in life where they are ready to relinquish the day-to-day headaches of owning real estate and are seeking a more passive way to earn monthly tax-favored real estate income.
The IRS recognized DSTs as “replacement property” for 1031 exchange purposes. Thus, the purchase of an ownership interest in a DST is treated as a direct investment/interest in real estate, which satisfies the requirement of IRS Revenue Ruling 2004-86. The origin of the 1031 exchange goes back to the 1920s, which makes it a long-standing and stable aspect of tax law.
In many cases DSTs may also be an attractive investment vehicle for non-exchange investors seeking diversification and exposure to institutional grade real estate. Rather than utilizing a 1031 exchange, these investors invest cash, funds which are also accepted for investment according to each firm’s minimum requirements.
A Delaware Statutory Trust can offer investors highly tax-favored treatment in regards to monthly distributions due to the nature of the unit investment trust. In this type of trust, real estate is purchased for the trust and income is distributed to the investors via the sponsors’ performance, which can be evaluated in the offering Private Placement Memorandum. The trust is not considered a taxable entity and, therefore, all the profits, losses, etc. are passed through directly to the investors. Investors participate in depreciation and amortization in the same way an investor who owned a 100% ownership interest in his or her own real property would.
The 10 top reasons people are choosing DSTs as replacements for their 1031 exchange:
1) Potential Better Overall Returns and Cash Flows
Many real estate investors may not be earning the cash flows they think they are. An investor wanting to determine their cash flows can take their net rental income from their Schedule E, add back depreciation, then subtract the principal portion of their payment. Next divide that number into the property market value. For example, if one had net rental receipts of $50K and $10K depreciation, and also $10K of principal payment, then the net number would be $50K. If the property value is $1 million then the investor would have a 5% cash flow. DSTs could potentially offer a better cash flow and risk return profile while at the same time offering an investor a passive alternative.
2) Tax Planning and Preserved Step-Up in Basis
DSTs offer the same tax advantages of real estate that an investor would own and manage themselves. Depreciation and amortization are passed along to DST investors by their proportionate share. DSTs can be exchanged again in the future into another DST via a 1031 exchange. Hold times for DSTs average from five to seven years. See your tax adviser for more clarification and for specific tax advice when evaluating DSTs as an option for your 1031 exchange.
Many DST holdings own multiple assets within one DST structure. For example, an investor might exchange one apartment building for a portfolio of 10 to 15 Walmart stores and/or Walgreens and other single tenant triple net leases inside a DST structure.
4) No More Need to Manage Properties
Sometimes we hear of a client who is aging and no longer has the health, time or desire to manage their own real estate investments. DSTs can offer a great passive option while preserving the desire to be invested in real estate.
Passive investing allows older real estate owners the time and freedom to travel, pursue other endeavors, spend more time with family and/or move to a location that is removed from their current real estate assets.
6) As a Backup Strategy
In a competitive real estate market an investor may not be able to find a suitable replacement property for their 1031 exchange. DSTs make a great option and should be named/identified in an exchange if only for that reason. Once a real estate investor has sold a property, they have 45 days to identify a replacement and 180 days to close or the tax-free exchange will be disallowed by the IRS.
7) Capture Equity in a Hot Market
When markets are at all-time highs, investors may want to take their gains off the table and invest again using the leverage inside a DST offering.
8) Protect the Family
A family can be vulnerable when only one spouse knows how to manage real estate investment assets. With passive DSTs, the management is effectively outsourced, which can protect a family should one spouse no longer have the capacity to take care of his or her own interests.
9) Avoid Ongoing Repairs on Actively Managed Property By Going Passive
Real estate investors know that one day they may have to replace expensive roofs and AC units, do foundation repairs, face potential lawsuits and encounter other surprise expenses that come with investing in real estate. DSTs may protect investors from these types of surprise expenses.
10) Major Part of Retirement and Estate Planning
DSTs can offer many retirement, tax and estate planning options. Passive income, elimination of personal liability, freedom, ability to manage cash flows and wealth transfer are just a few of the opportunities that DSTs can afford investors and their retirement planners.
To learn more about retirement planning with DSTs, visit www.Provident1031.com.
Daniel Goodwin is a Kiplinger's contributor on various financial planning topics and has also been featured in U.S. News and World Report, FOX 26 News, Business Management Daily and BankRate Inc. He is the author of the book Live Smart - Retire Rich and is the Masterclass Instructor of a 1031 DST Masterclass at www.Provident1031.com. Daniel regularly gives back to his community by serving as a mentor at the Sam Houston State University College of Business. He is the Chief Investment Strategist at Provident Wealth Advisors, a Registered Investment Advisory firm in The Woodlands, Texas. Daniel's professional licenses include Series 65, 6, 63 and 22. Daniel’s gift is making the complex simple and encouraging families to take actionable steps today to pursue their financial goals of tomorrow.
Are You Owed Money From This LasikPlus Settlement?
The FTC says 159,711 consumers are eligible for payment from LasikPlus due to deceptive pricing.
By Jamie Feldman Published
Nine Steps You Can Take Right Now to Build a More Financially Stable Future
Taking even just one of these steps can set you on a better path toward financial success.
By Kiplinger Advisor Collective Published
Three Common Mutual Fund Misconceptions Debunked
Mutual funds let investors access a basket of securities rather than buying individual ones on their own, but there are some misconceptions about them.
By Brian Spinelli, CFP®, AIF® Published
529s: No Longer the Ho-Hum Investing Device for College
Changes to the plans allow for the savings to be rolled into a Roth IRA, as long as certain rules are met, if a child decides not to pursue their education.
By Neale Godfrey, Financial Literacy Expert Published
To Make the Case for Equities in the Long Term, Look to the Past
While cash yields are attractive now, if we look at the performance of equities in the past, we can expect that, going forward, they could be a better bet.
By David Blanchett, PhD, CFA, CFP® Published
Workplace Financial Coaching Has Become Ever More Important
Employees face growing challenges to their financial wellness today, so it’s more critical than ever that employers provide the help they need to navigate them.
By Greg Ward, CFP® Published
Six Reasons to Use a Real Estate Agent When You Sell
So many financial factors depend on the outcome when you downsize for retirement that enlisting a professional can be well worth the price.
By Evan T. Beach, CFP®, AWMA® Published
Looking into Leasing Solar Panels? Think Twice
Leasing solar panels hasn’t turned into the great deal that many expected as solar companies go out of business and tax breaks and incentives get slashed.
By H. Dennis Beaver, Esq. Published
Three Reasons Not to Use a Real Estate Agent When You Sell
While this financial adviser doesn’t recommend taking that route, he does see scenarios where it could make sense for you.
By Evan T. Beach, CFP®, AWMA® Published
Soon-to-Be Retirees, Beware: Small-Caps Are Cheap for a Reason
Higher interest rates make debt more expensive for smaller companies, and that could become challenging for them if we head into slower economic times.
By Michael Joseph, CFA Published