Smart Moves for Investors in the 'Hazard Zone'
For those right around retirement age, protecting future income in this aging bull market requires careful preparation and creative diversification.
The current bull market is the longest in history, and it’s been a good ride.
It’s given investors who lost money in past downturns an opportunity to replenish their savings in time for retirement. And it’s provided the growing number of workers who don’t have the security of an employer pension a chance to build a nest egg from which to pull income when they no longer have a regular paycheck.
But no rally lasts forever, and this one — despite some cloudy days here and there — has lasted more than a decade. That doesn’t mean anything in and of itself (although the market is traditionally cyclical). However, there are other signs of a coming storm. Stock valuations are at the high end of their historical averages. There’s a general nervousness around what will happen next with interest rates and how that will affect the economy. And there are days when it feels as though we may be one presidential tweet away from a serious fall.
Which means those who are in what we call the “hazard zone” — about five years away from retirement, or less than five years in — should be especially vigilant about the negative impact a correction (or worse) could have on their portfolio and overall retirement plan. You definitely don’t want to be double-dipping during this period — taking money out of your portfolio to live on at the same time you’re losing money in the market.
That doesn’t mean you should try to time the market by selling off all your stocks and putting everything into cash before there’s a drop. But the age of this bull run and heightened volatility in the market are good reminders that it’s time to protect your nest egg from risk with the right level of diversification. And for many in the hazard zone, that means considering a wider range of asset classes, including alternative and non-market strategies.
Moving away from a straight stock-and-bond strategy and mixing in some investments with a low correlation to the stock market can help reduce the negative effects of a correction. If the bull market continues, you can still make money. More significantly, though, if it doesn’t, you can preserve what you have.
A plan to diversify risk could involve using:
You still can include more conventional investments in your diversified portfolio, but you’ll likely want to look at dialing back on equities and maybe increasing your exposure to more traditional fixed-income investments, such as government or investment-grade corporate bonds.
It is worth noting, though, that in this period of low interest rates, the fixed-income market may not offer much opportunity for significant returns from interest rates. Further, once rates eventually start going up, you will be holding bonds with less than desirable rates, forcing you to possibly sell at a capital loss. This presents significant headwinds for bond investors.
These investments typically have different returns and risk profiles than stocks and bonds, and a lower correlation to the market. Options could include real estate, commodities, private capital and other investments that could provide an income cushion should stock prices fall.
Certain types of annuities, such as fixed index annuities, fall into this category and may provide retirees the greatest potential for minimizing the volatility in their investment portfolios. With this strategy, you are able to participate in the upside growth of the market, while, at the same time, protect your principal if the market should go down. It is worth noting that all annuities are not created equal, so you want to be sure you know how this strategy will best work inside of your financial plan before you sign on the dotted line.
Finding the right combination of assets for your retirement portfolio will depend on your specific situation, but diversifying your mix can help you prepare for what’s to come — whether it’s sunshine or a storm. This is why it’s important to have an independent adviser, a fiduciary who has access to all the products a client might need.
The biggest mistake I see when people come to our office for the first time is they think they’re adequately diversified, but they aren’t. Maybe that’s because they’ve been managing their investments themselves, or their adviser has them in a bunch of mutual funds, which makes them feel as if they have some variety. But in reality, those mutual funds aren’t giving them the diversification they need. Their funds often overlap and hold the same or very similar securities, so these investors have far more risk than they want without realizing it.
The good news is this “storm warning” is more like what you’d get for a hurricane than for a tornado. There’s time to react — it just isn’t clear how much time. But with the right portfolio in place, you’ll have a better chance to weather the worst no matter when the bull market ends.
Kim Franke-Folstad contributed to this article.