End the Year Right: 6 Financial Tips for Retirees
How time flies. As the year quickly winds down, it's time to check a few items off your to-do list.
The end of the year is a perfect time to get your financial house in order. You can find ways to save on taxes, discuss money issues with your family and make plans for 2018.
How to begin? We generally recommend these simple tips:
1. Look for ways to reduce your 2018 income taxes.
Take action before the end of the year to save on taxes. You could consider:
- Contributing the maximum amount to all of your retirement plan programs. Why? The government gives you a tax deduction for making contributions to certain qualified retirement plan programs — meaning those funded with pretax dollars, such as your 401(k), 401(b) and traditional IRAs (excluding contributions to a Roth IRA). No matter what tax bracket you’re in, your money can grow there without being taxed until you pull it out.
- Tax bracket management. Is there a gap between the bracket you’re in right now (your amount of taxable income) and the next tax bracket? You may be able to use that gap to your advantage, perhaps by selling and realizing a capital gain, or by converting money in a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. We suggest talking to a financial professional about this valuable opportunity.
- Timing and/or bunching deductions. If you think your income may change in 2018, go over your deductions and see if you can move them into whichever year will do you the most good. You may also be able to bunch certain expenses into one year, which could push you over a threshold that gives you a tax deduction you wouldn't have gotten otherwise.
- Dumping losing stocks. Taking losses can help with your taxes.
2. Take required minimum distributions.
If you are age 70½ or older and don’t take the required minimum distributions on IRAs, you’ll be penalized. It’s no small matter — the penalty is 50% of what you should have withdrawn, and then that amount is taxed. For all people except those of whom are due for their first RMD (who can wait until the following April), you need to take care of it by the Dec. 31 deadline.
Donating to charities can reduce your tax bill. Besides giving to charities, you can also currently give $14,000 to as many individuals as you'd like without incurring a gift tax or affecting the unified credit. A husband and wife can each currently make $14,000 gifts. In 2018, the gift tax exclusion amount goes up to $15,000.
4. Talk with your family.
If you have the good fortune to have your family gathered in one place during the holidays, take a little time to talk about the finances that concern them (wills, trusts, planned giving, etc.). A little discussion now can make a big difference later.
5. Prioritize planning.
We believe there's no better time for setting goals than the end of the year. Try looking just three years ahead: What would have to happen in order for you to view it as a successful period?
6. Retire your debt.
I believe that if you are retired, so should your debt be retired. Instead of adding to your debt during the holidays, see if you can pay it off entirely. Wouldn’t it feel great to begin 2018 debt-free?
About the Author
CEO and Senior Adviser, Retirement Planners of America
Ken Moraif, CFP, is CEO and senior adviser at Retirement Planners of America, a Dallas-based wealth management and investment firm with over $4.3 billion in AUM and serving over 8,000 households (as of May 2019). He is also the host of the radio show "Money Matters with Ken Moraif," which has offered listeners retirement, investing and personal finance advice since 1996.