Bear Market? I See a Bull Market for the Next 15-20 Years
Here’s what a long view of the direction of markets shows us.
The first week of 2016 started with a big move down in equity prices as a result of geopolitical events in emerging markets and fears of slowing economies worldwide. However, there are larger trends influencing markets today.
Understanding today’s market moves requires the study of market history and secular trends that dominate market direction. Most investors are unaware of secular bull and bear markets that control long-term direction of markets for significant periods of time.
Let’s review the last century of stock market cycles. Classifying bull markets and bear markets is necessary to understand their impact on short-term trends. I define secular bull markets as extended periods or years when the stock market achieves higher highs and higher lows, and bear markets retreat to lower highs and even lower lows. These extended bear and bull markets can last for eight to 20 years for either market. Take a look at this illustration of the S&P 500 for 114 years, with bull markets in green and bear markets in red:
It is important to remember that the stock market is an auction system made up of millions of investors interacting electronically to achieve the best results for their efforts. People are emotional by nature, often influenced by both the fear of losing wealth and the greed of not attaining enough wealth; as a result, overbidding for desired stocks will push markets to much higher highs years before ending bull markets and beginning the bear markets that follow. There are, of course, other contributing factors, but most secular market trends are driven by the basic human emotions of fear and greed.
If you accept the existence of secular market trends, then the question is: where are we in 2016? To understand the answer to this question, let’s review the bear market that began in the year 2000. The bear market began in March 2000 after one of the greatest bull markets in history (1982-2000), giving investors a 1099% return if they invested in the S&P 500 for that period of time.
The bear market of 2000 began with the busting of the dot-com bubble and the S&P 500 falling in value until October 2002, with the final low reached in March 2003 before rising in value for the next four-and-a-half years until October 2007. The market fell again until March 2009 before starting its rise to current levels with the market highs reached in May 2015.
The S&P 500 did one extraordinary thing that did not happen during the prior 14 years of the secular bear market. In May 2013, it reached the highs achieved in the years 2000 and 2007, but, this time, it broke through the ceiling and has continued to rise to current (2016) levels. We at Geasphere believe that the breakout in 2013 was the end of the 14-year secular bear market and the beginning of the next secular bull market. (See illustration and explanation below of the 2000 secular bear market.)
The chart shows the beginning and the end of the secular bear market by illustrating the price action of the S&P 500 over the 14-year period. More importantly, it demonstrates the basic principal of economics: if you have more sellers than buyers in the market, markets will go down; the reverse is true that if you have more buyers than sellers in the market, it will go up. We believe the market has begun the next secular bull market that will last another 15 to 20 years.
We live in a time of the 24-hour news cycle, in which information that used to be interesting only to professionals is now packaged and highlighted with great graphics and music to investors with sensational entertainment values-- and yes, this might make good television, but it does not make good investors.
Enjoy the ride, because it’s going to be a long one.
Eduard Hamamjian, an accredited Asset Management Specialist, has been in the industry since 1992. With years of experience in investment research, portfolio construction and even business ownership, he has developed a suite of services specific to business owners.
About the Author
Managing Director, Investment Advisor, GeaSphere Advisors LLC
As an Accredited Asset Management Specialist, Eduard has developed his investment approach through a unique diversification method, and proprietary stock valuation and various other strategies for research, construction and management of portfolios. Eduard's innovative strategies allow him to provide distinct value for GeaSphere clients looking for growth without excessive risk. He oversees the construction, research and management of client portfolios. In recent years, he has combined his investment approach with practical planning tools and cash flow solutions, so that he can deliver comprehensive services for business owners. He also partners with accounting firms for a simpler, more tax-efficient process for each client.