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All Contents © 2019The Kiplinger Washington Editors
By Lisa Gerstner, Contributing Editor
Kimberly Lankford, Contributing Editor
| November 29, 2018
Fees aren’t just annoying—they’re expensive. A few monthly surcharges can add up to hundreds of dollars a year. That’s money you could use to save for retirement, give to charity, or enjoy a really nice dinner or two.
The good news is that most of these fees are avoidable, especially if you’re willing to make a couple of phone calls and threaten to take your business elsewhere. Take a look.
The simplest way to bypass annual fees—which often run between $50 and $100 but can go much higher—is to choose cards that don’t charge them. Plenty of great rewards cards, which offer cash back, miles or points on your purchases, come with no annual fee; Citi Double Cash Mastercard and PenFed Pathfinder Rewards American Express are among our favorites.
Cards that carry annual fees typically offer heightened rewards, and the fee may be worth paying if you gain enough in rewards and benefits to make up for it. But if you’re not getting enough bang for your buck, the issuer may cut you a break. A recent CreditCards.com survey showed that 70% of those who asked had the annual fee lowered or waived. Some cards waive the annual fee the first year, so you can try out the card free.
You may be charged up to $27 the first time you make a late payment and up to $38 for another overdue bill within the next six billing cycles. Plus, the issuer may increase your annual percentage rate.
Consider signing up for automatic payments to ensure you pay the bill on time. If you slip up and pay late, it’s well worth asking the issuer to waive the fee. CreditCards.com says more than 80% of those who made the request had the fee waived. Discover charges no late-payment fee for the first offense and never increases your APR for late payments. The Citi Simplicity Mastercard and PenFed Promise Visa impose no late fee or penalty APR.
The number of major credit cards that charge currency-conversion fees when you use them abroad has been shrinking over the past few years. Still, many cards impose a fee of about 3% of the transaction. Some issuers, including Capital One and Discover, charge no foreign-transaction fees on any of their cards. Other issuers skip the fee on certain cards—often travel cards with annual fees.
If you move your balance from one card to another, the new card typically charges a fee—an average 3.46%, according to a CompareCards.com study—and such fees have been creeping up lately, says Matt Schulz, chief industry analyst for CompareCards.
Look for cards that charge no balance-transfer fee and offer an introductory 0% APR. For example, the Amex EveryDay card levies no fee if you request the transfer within 60 days of opening an account, and it charges no interest for the first 15 months (after that it ranges from 14.99% to 25.99%). Plus, you’ll get two points per dollar spent at supermarkets and one point on everything else, as well as a 20% bonus on points earned if you use the card at least 20 times per billing period. Points are redeemable for gift cards, travel bookings and statement credits, among other options.
Checking accounts that pay interest charge an average of $14.35 a month, and non-interest-bearing accounts charge $5.57, according to Bankrate.com. Luckily, these fees are among the easiest to avoid. Most accounts waive the fee if you arrange for a direct deposit or maintain a minimum balance.
Among accounts at big national banks, TD Bank’s Convenience Checking requires a minimum daily balance of only $100 to waive the $15 monthly fee. Or find a free account with no strings attached; internet banks and credit unions are often your best bets.
If you withdraw cash from an ATM outside your bank’s network, both your bank and the ATM’s operator may hit you with fees—charging a combined average of $4.68, according to Bankrate. Choose a bank with a strong ATM network where you live and commonly travel. Or pick an account that charges no out-of-network ATM fees and reimburses you for the fees ATM owners charge.
Premium checking accounts from larger banks often provide such refunds (you’ll typically have to keep a large balance to avoid a monthly fee), and free accounts from some other institutions—especially internet banks—do, too. The free Ally Bank Interest Checking Account reimburses $10 monthly in out-of-network ATM fees.
Overdrawing your checking account could result in a fee as high as $35 to $40 if you opt to let the bank cover the overdraft for you. Instead, link your checking account to a backup savings account from which the bank can automatically transfer funds; you may pay a fee, but it’ll likely be about $5 to $15 instead.
Among big banks, Chase and U.S. Bank charge no fees for overdraft transfers from a savings account with the bank. Alternatively, you can turn down all forms of overdraft protection, and your debit card will be rejected if you have insufficient funds to cover the charge (but you could still incur fees for electronic transfers or checks that overdraw your account).
Some banks charge $3 or so for a standard ACH transfer to an account with another institution, which may take a few days to clear. For a wire transfer—which often goes through on the same day—your bank may charge about $25 to $35 to send money domestically and as much as $45 or more to wire money internationally. (Many banks levy fees for incoming wires, too—typically less than $20.)
To quickly send money to another person in the U.S., check out a peer-to-peer payment service, such as Zelle. It offers instant transfers directly to other bank accounts (at least one member of the transaction must have an account with a participating bank), and most banks don’t charge fees for the service. TransferWise is an inexpensive choice for international transactions of a couple of thousand dollars or less, but the transfer may take a few days. Recently, sending $500 to someone in Great Britain incurred a fee of about $5.
Some prepaid cards stick customers with a multitude of fees, such as monthly fees of up to about $10, reload fees of about $5, and $2.50 or so each time you withdraw cash at a U.S. ATM. Use a card with minimal fees, such as Bluebird by American Express and Walmart. It charges no monthly fee, most methods of reloading are free, and you can avoid an ATM surcharge by visiting machines in the MoneyPass network.
When you start a new line of service with a wireless phone carrier or upgrade your phone, you may pay an activation or upgrade fee, ranging from about $25 up to $45. Ask the carrier to waive the fee. Or watch for promotions—carriers sometimes drop the activation fee for a limited time, says Tina Chang of WhistleOut.com, a phone-plan comparison website.
Sprint, for example, recently offered a promotion for a year of free unlimited data, talking and texting and waived activation fees for those who switched to the carrier and brought their own eligible, unlocked phone to the plan. With some companies, you may avoid the upgrade fee by purchasing an unlocked phone from outside the carrier (say, from the manufacturer or on Amazon.com or eBay). Verizon Wireless charges no upgrade fee if you buy an unlocked phone and put your previous phone’s SIM card in it yourself.
Contracts with wireless phone carriers have gone the way of the dodo, but cable and satellite TV companies still offer them. If you break a contract, you’ll likely face an early-termination fee, which may run about $15 to $20 for each month left on your contract. If you’re moving to an area where the provider doesn’t offer service, it may not charge the fee.
Or if you’re switching to a competing company, see whether it will reimburse you. Spectrum and Verizon Fios will cover up to $500 of the previous provider’s early-termination fee for new customers who sign up for eligible plans.
Cable companies may tack on fees of $50 to $100 or even more to have a tech set up your home for cable, internet or landline service or to fix a problem with your existing service. If your home is already wired and installation is limited to connecting basic equipment, see whether you can do it yourself; some providers offer self-installation kits free or for a reduced fee.
Or ask the provider to waive the installation fee—you’ll have more leverage if you make the request before you start service than if you wait until the fee hits your bill, says Peter Zimbicki, head of operations for BillFixers, a service that negotiates lower bills for consumers. It’s worth asking the company to remove service-call fees, too, especially if the problem is the provider’s fault.
Renting a modem from your internet provider may cost you about $10 to $15 a month. Instead, buy your own—you may pay $100 to $200, but you should recoup the cost within a year or two.
You may encounter this fee—often $20 or more per year—when you open a new IRA or have an IRA balance below $10,000, says Greg McBride, chief financial analyst at Bankrate.com. But there are plenty of brokerage firms and mutual fund companies that do not charge a fee, and others will waive it if you sign up for e-mail delivery of account statements, maintain a certain minimum balance or make a specified number of trades per year.
Fidelity, Charles Schwab and TD Ameritrade don’t charge a maintenance fee for their IRAs. Vanguard charges a $20 annual fee for accounts with less than $10,000 but waives the fee if you sign up for e-delivery service for statements, notices and confirmations.
Insurers usually give you the option of paying your bill monthly or in full, but the installment payments come with an extra fee. You can usually cut your premiums by 5% to 10% if you pay your bill for the full auto insurance term (usually six months) in a lump sum, says Bailey Peterson, research analyst at ValuePenguin, a consumer research website.
If you have your own auto insurance when you rent a car, you may not need to sign up for supplemental liability insurance, which can cost $7 to $15 per day for liability coverage up to $1 million, according to ValuePenguin. Your car insurance will cover you up to the liability limits of your policy if you rent a car in the U.S. or Canada (but usually not in other countries).
If you have comprehensive and collision coverage on your own insurance policy, it may be redundant to get the collision damage waiver coverage, which covers physical damage to the rental car and tends to cost $10 to $20 per day. However, that extra coverage may be worthwhile if you have high deductibles or have dropped collision and comprehensive coverage on your own car insurance policy. Plus, you may be charged an administrative or loss-of-use fee if you wreck a car after declining the CDW.
You may also have CDW coverage from your credit card company, which will pay your car insurance deductible if you reserve and pay for the rental car with that credit card and decline CDW coverage from the rental-car company. Find out about any exclusions; credit cards usually don’t provide liability coverage, and some don’t cover pickup trucks, truck-based SUVs or certain sports cars.