After looking at the downside risks, most companies will continue to offer their workers coverage. By Martha Lynn Craver, Associate Editor June 9, 2014 The fight to repeal the Affordable Care Act—Obamacare—is over.See Also: The Obamacare Quiz Tensions remain, and the rhetorical battle is still being waged, but Republicans lost the war to kill the controversial health care law, and most of them accept that as political reality. Instead, the focus will shift to making changes in the law, some of them substantive, over the next few years. Businesses want major alterations, but their top three goals won’t be realized once Congress starts tinkering with the measure. Topping their wish list is redefining who is a full-time employee. The law’s definition is anyone who works at least 30 hours a week, not the traditional 40. Next is doubling the small business exemption so that firms with fewer than 100 full-time-equivalent workers would not be required to offer health insurance. For now, the administration will dash employers’ third hope: a bare-bones “copper” plan that would have lower premiums than the bronze plan, which now provides the lowest level of acceptable coverage. That could come back into play down the road if the cost of other plans forces a large number of people to drop coverage. Advertisement One other business priority is within reach, though: Delaying the hefty excise tax on high-cost insurance plans. Firms don’t want to pay the 40% levy, set to start in 2018. And labor unions don’t like it because many plans that are part of collective bargaining contracts will be affected by the limits. So don’t be surprised if a strange-bedfellows coalition of bosses and unions forces a delay of a year or two. But chances of further delays in key Obamacare deadlines are practically zero. Despite widespread concerns and threats, relatively few firms that offer insurance coverage for their workers will stop during the next five years, according to a recent survey by Mercer, a human resources consulting firm. Most companies see offering insurance as a needed perk to attract and keep top workers. And even if the concept sounds appealing to some executives, in most cases the penalty for not providing coverage would be greater than the price of insurance, especially after factoring in the tax deduction that firms would lose. Also, workers would be taxed on any money companies gave them to purchase their own coverage. The number of people buying health insurance will triple by 2016, from about 8 million now, as the health exchange websites are upgraded and word of easier enrollment spreads. Both federal and state exchanges will focus on making it easier for shoppers to compare plans. Costlier penalties for not having insurance will also coax more to sign up. The penalty is $325 next year for an individual or nearly 2% of adjusted gross income, whichever is higher; it reaches $695 or about 2% of AGI in 2016, and goes up from there with the annual cost of living. Advertisement Insurance premiums will increase, too, mostly by 5% to 10%. Few insurers will choose to boost rates by more than 10% because that would trigger a formal rate review. Meanwhile, states will stop fighting Uncle Sam over Medicaid expansion. Just 25 states and the District of Columbia are on board now. In time, though, all are likely to participate. The reasons: big federal subsidies -- 100% now, dipping to 95% in 2017 and 90% in 2020 -- plus pressure from care providers, employers large and small, and interest groups. The pattern looks remarkably like what happened after Congress and President Johnson created the Medicaid program in 1965 to provide health care for those with low incomes. By 1967, 26 states were participating. By 1972, all but two states were part of the program.