Our comprehensive guide to taxes on retirement income, property and purchases, as well as special tax breaks for seniors, in every state. Go to Retiree Tax Map District Of Columbia View State Compare List (0) selected | Compare up to 5 The Bottom Line Not Tax-Friendly The District of Columbia can be expensive for retirees. Although the district exempts Social Security income, a steep 8.5% tax rate hits other income over $40,000. (The top income tax rate of 8.95% hits taxable income over $350,000.) Senior homeowners under certain income thresholds may qualify for property tax breaks. State Sales Tax 5.75% (food, prescription and nonprescription drugs, and residential utility services are exempt). Income Tax Range Low: 4% (on taxable income up to $10,000)High: 8.95% (on taxable income above $350,000) Social Security Benefits are not taxed. Exemptions for Other Retirement Income The district doesn't offer exemptions on other retirement income.IRAsTaxable at ordinary income tax rates.401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement PlansTaxable at ordinary income tax rates.Private PensionsTaxable at ordinary income tax rates.Public PensionsAll state government pensions are fully taxed. Property Taxes A homestead deduction exempts the first $69,100 of assessed value from taxes. Several property tax relief programs are available to assist property owners and first-time home buyers. These include a homestead deduction, tax credits for historic properties and property-tax exemptions and deferrals. Median property tax on District of Columbia's median home value of $470,500 is $2,693, according to the Tax Foundation.Tax breaks for seniors: Homeowners 65 and older with household adjusted gross income of less than $127,100 can qualify to reduce their property tax by 50%. Homeowners 65 and older whose adjusted gross income is less than $50,000 may qualify for property tax deferral. Inheritance andEstate Taxes There is no inheritance tax. Estates valued over $1 million are subject to estate tax. Starting in 2016, this may change to estates valued over $2 million (but this change depends on additional revenue targets being met). The exemption may gradually rise to match the federal exemption level, (possibly in 2018, but again the change will only occur if revenue targets are met. The top estate tax rate is 16%.