Tool | August 2013
State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees
State Sales Tax
6.25% (nonprepared food and prescription and nonprescription drugs are exempt). Local option taxes can raise the rate to 8.25%.
Income Tax Range
Texas has no state income tax.
Social Security benefits are not taxed.
Exemptions for Other Retirement Income
Retirement income is not taxed.
Property tax is imposed by local taxing units, not by the state. Property taxes are paid to the local tax collector, which distributes funds to schools, cities and other local governments. Median property tax on the state's median home value of $125,800 is $2,275, according to the Tax Foundation.
To qualify for the $15,000 mandatory school district homestead exemption, the home must be the principal residence of the filer on January 1 of the tax year. Also, each local taxing unit has the option to offer a separate exemption of up to 20% of the total value, if it is adopted by the governing body of the taxing unit before July 1.
Tax breaks for seniors: If you are age 65 or older, or disabled, you qualify for the homestead exemption as soon as you turn 65; you need not own your home on January 1, but the home must be your principal residence. For homeowners who are 65 and older or who are disabled, $10,000 (in addition to the regular $15,000 homestead exemption) of the property's assessed value is exempt from school taxes. Other taxing units may offer an exemption of at least $3,000 to homeowners who are age 65 or older or who are disabled (at the taxing unit’s discretion or as a result of a voter petition).
Once a homeowner turns 65 or is disabled, the owner benefits from a tax ceiling for that home for school taxes. If the homeowner improves the home (other than normal repairs or maintenance), the tax ceiling is adjusted for the new additions. School-district taxes are frozen at the level imposed on the residence the year the owner turned 65 or became disabled. Counties, cities, towns and junior-college districts can establish a tax freeze on homesteads of people who are 65 or older or who are disabled.
There is no inheritance tax or estate tax.
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