How to Teach Money Management to Kids
April is National Financial Literacy Month, and it’s easy to find evidence that for many young people the F in Financial is also a failing grade.
For instance, in Junior Achievement’s latest survey on Teens and Personal Finance, nearly one-fourth of teens said that they don’t budget their money (frankly, I’m surprised the percentage isn’t higher). Among those who fall into this group, 42% say that they aren’t interested in money management, 37% say that they don’t know how to manage their money, and 32% think that budgeting is for adults so it doesn’t matter how they spend their money.
That’s the bad news. But let me kick off the month with some words of encouragement. In my experience, when a committed teacher lights a fire under motivated students, their financial IQs go through the roof.
Recently, I had the opportunity to chat with a group of eighth graders at the Washington Middle School for Girls, in Washington, D.C., and with their math teacher, Kelly Lockard. The girls had just finished a unit in class called the Real World Project, in which they randomly selected an education level -- high school, college, PhD -- and then used Web resources to write a résumé and find a job.
After that, they were required to set up savings and checking accounts, budget for food and other expenses, buy a house and apply for a mortgage, purchase and finance a car -- plus pay their weekly bills by 8 a.m. each Wednesday. And Lockard was tougher than many banks: If the kids missed the deadline by even one minute, she charged them a $35 late fee.
The students, who come from low-income backgrounds, were a high-energy bunch eager to chime in about what they had learned. For instance, they were able to compare the pros and cons of a five-year car loan (lower payments than a shorter-term loan, but more interest overall). And they engaged in a spirited discussion of why pro basketball players make more money than teachers, therapists and even doctors.
“People who help others make less because it’s not commercialized,” theorized Carsan Johnson. Tayauna Perry was sympathetic to basketball players because, she says, “We need entertainment.” The girls figured that the high salaries paid to sports stars might have something to do with the value that people place on various occupations. But they hadn’t quite grasped the connection between supply and demand -- that big demand for a relatively small pool of top players also helps drive up salaries.
Tayauna admitted that having to budget her expenses in school hadn’t cured her of shopping at her favorite mall stores -- Forever 21, Victoria’s Secret, Old Navy. But now she’s more cautious. “I catch things on sale.” she says.
I think financial exercises such as Lockard’s are one of the best ways to get kids interested in managing money and introducing them to real-life choices and responsibilities. And I got unsolicited support from Carsan, who volunteered that she used to take her mother’s bills for granted. “I thought bills were $25 for this, $300 for that. I had no idea that a mortgage could be $1,000 or more.” Now she knows.